A Guide to Project Management

2 control charts control charts are a graphic display

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Unformatted text preview: improvements .2 Input to performance appraisals ment ment geE L geE PL P Figure 91. Project Human Resource Management Overview The temporary nature of projects means that the personal and organizational relationships will generally be both temporary and new. The project management team must take care to select techniques that are appropriate for such transient relationships. The nature and number of project stakeholders will often change as the project moves from phase to phase of its life cycle. As a result, techniques that are effective in one phase may not be effective in another. The project management team must take care to use techniques that are appropriate to the current needs of the project. Human resource administrative activities are seldom a direct responsibility of the project management team. However, the team must be sufficiently aware of administrative requirements to ensure compliance. Note: Project managers may also have responsibilities for human resource redeployment and release, depending upon the industry or organization to which they belong. 9.1 ORGANIZATIONAL PLANNING Organizational planning involves identifying, documenting, and assigning project roles, responsibilities, and reporting relationships. Roles, responsibilities, and 108 NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST ACROYMNS LIST A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA Chapter 9--Project Human Resource Management reporting relationships may be assigned to individuals or to groups. The individuals and groups may be part of the organization performing the project, or they may be external to it. Internal groups are often associated with a specific functional department such as engineering, marketing, or accounting. On most projects, the majority of organizational planning is done as part of the earliest project phases. However, the results of this process should be reviewed regularly throughout the project to ensure continued applicability. If the initial organization is no longer effective, then it should be revised promptly. Organizational planning is often tightly linked with communications planning (described in Section 10.1), since the project's organizational structure will have a major effect on the project's communications requirements. .1 Project interfaces .2 Staffing requirements .3 Constraints A Guide to the A Guide to the .1 .2 .3 .4 Inputs Tools & Techniques Templates Human resource practices Organizational theory Stakeholder analysis Outputs .1 Role and responsibility assignments .2 Staffing management plan .3 Organization chart .4 Supporting detail 9.1.1 Inputs to Organizational Planning .1 Project interfaces. Project interfaces generally fall into one of three categories: Organizational interfaces--formal and informal reporting relationships among different organizational units. Organizational interfaces may be highly c...
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