A Guide to Project Management

Cost of quality chapter 10 project communications

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Unformatted text preview: ectives will not or cannot be met, or the need for the project no longer exists and the project is terminated. Temporary does not necessarily mean short in duration; many projects last for several years. In every case, however, the duration of a project is finite; projects are not ongoing efforts. In addition, temporary does not generally apply to the product or service created by the project. Projects may often have intended and unintended social, economic, and environmental impacts that far outlast the projects themselves. Most projects are undertaken to create a lasting result. For example, a project to erect a national monument will create a result expected to last centuries. A series of projects and/or complementary projects in parallel may be required to achieve a strategic objective. The objectives of projects and operations are fundamentally different. The objective of a project is to attain the objective and close the project. The objective of an ongoing nonprojectized operation is normally to sustain the business. Projects are fundamentally different because the project ceases when its declared objectives have been attained, while nonproject undertakings adopt a new set of objectives and continue to work. The temporary nature of projects may apply to other aspects of the endeavor as well: The opportunity or market window is usually temporary--most projects have a limited time frame in which to produce their product or service. The project team, as a team, seldom outlives the project--most projects are performed by a team created for the sole purpose of performing the project, and the team is disbanded when the project is complete. A Guide to the A Guide to the Project Project Management Management Body of Body of KnowledgeE L KnowledgeE PL 1.2.2 Unique Product, Service, or Result Projects involve doing something that has not been done before and which is, therefore, unique. A product or service may be unique even if the category to which it belongs is large. For example, many thousands of office buildings have been developed, but each individual facility is unique--different owner, different design, different location, different contractors, and so on. The presence of repetitive elements does not change the fundamental uniqueness of the project work. For example: A project to develop a new commercial airliner may require multiple prototypes. A project to bring a new drug to market may require thousands of doses of the drug to support clinical trials. A real estate development project may include hundreds of individual units. A development project (e.g., water and sanitation) may be implemented in five geographic areas. MP AM SA S 1.2.3 Progressive Elaboration Progressive elaboration is a characteristic of projects that integrates the concepts of temporary and unique. Because the product of each project is unique, the characteristics that distinguish the product or service must be progressively elaborated. Progressively means "proceeding...
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