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Unformatted text preview: be brought onto and taken off of the project team. The staffing plan may be formal or informal, highly detailed or broadly framed, based on the needs of the project. It is a subsidiary element of the overall project plan (see Section 4.1, Project Plan Development). The staffing management plan often includes resource histograms, as illustrated in Figure 9-3. Particular attention should be paid to how project team members (individuals or groups) will be released when they are no longer needed on the project. Appropriate reassignment procedures may: Reduce costs by reducing or eliminating the tendency to "make work" to fill the time between this assignment and the next. Improve morale by reducing or eliminating uncertainty about future employment opportunities. .3 Organization chart. An organization chart is any graphic display of project reporting relationships. It may be formal or informal, highly detailed or broadly framed, based on the needs of the project. For example, the organization chart for a three- to four-person internal service project is unlikely to have the rigor and detail of the organization chart for a 3,000-person disaster response team. An Organizational Breakdown Structure (OBS) is a specific type of organization chart that shows which organizational units are responsible for which work packages. .4 Supporting detail. Supporting detail for organizational planning varies by application area and project size. Information frequently supplied as supporting detail includes, but is not limited to: Project Project Management Management Body of Body of KnowledgeE L KnowledgeE PL MP AM SA S A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST 111 ACROYMNS LIST Chapter 9--Project Human Resource Management Figure 93 | 184.108.40.206 Staff Hours
300 275 250 225 Senior Designers Resource Usage 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 9 16 23 30 6 13 20 27 6 13 20 27 3 10 17 24 1 8 15 22 ment ment geE L geE PL Jan Feb Mar Apr May P Resource Usage Staff Hours
Figure 93. Illustrative Resource Histogram Organizational impact--what alternatives are precluded by organizing in this manner. Job descriptions--written outlines by job title of the competencies, responsibilities, authority, physical environment, and other characteristics involved in performing a given job. Also called position descriptions. Training needs--if the staff to be assigned is not expected to have the competencies needed by the project, those competencies will need to be developed as part of the project. 9.2 STAFF ACQUISITION
Staff acquisition involves getting the needed human resources (individuals or groups) assigned to and working on the project. In most environments, the "best" resources may not be available, and the project management team must take care to ensure that the resources that are available will m...
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