A Guide to Project Management

About project management project management is a

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Unformatted text preview: in steps; continuing steadily by increments," A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST 5 ACROYMNS LIST Chapter 1--Introduction 1.3 | 1.3.2 ment ment geE L geE PL P while elaborated means "worked out with care and detail; developed thoroughly" (1). These distinguishing characteristics will be broadly defined early in the project, and will be made more explicit and detailed as the project team develops a better and more complete understanding of the product. Progressive elaboration of product characteristics must be carefully coordinated with proper project scope definition, particularly if the project is performed under contract. When properly defined, the scope of the project--the work to be done-- should remain constant even as the product characteristics are progressively elaborated. The relationship between product scope and project scope is discussed further in the introduction to Chapter 5. The following two examples illustrate progressive elaboration in two different application areas. Example 1. Development of a chemical processing plant begins with process engineering to define the characteristics of the process. These characteristics are used to design the major processing units. This information becomes the basis for engineering design, which defines both the detail plant layout and the mechanical characteristics of the process units and ancillary facilities. All of these result in design drawings that are elaborated to produce fabrication drawings (construction isometrics). During construction, interpretations and adaptations are made as needed and subject to proper approval. This further elaboration of the characteristics is captured by as-built drawings. During test and turnover, further elaboration of the characteristics is often made in the form of final operating adjustments. Example 2. The product of an economic development project may initially be defined as: "Improve the quality of life of the lowest income residents of community X." As the project proceeds, the products may be described more specifically as, for example: "Provide access to food and water to 500 low income residents in community X." The next round of progressive elaboration might focus exclusively on increasing agriculture production and marketing, with provision of water deemed to be secondary priority to be initiated once the agriculture component is well under way. 1.3 WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT? Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements. Project management is accomplished through the use of the processes such as: initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing. The project team manages the work of the projects, and the work typically involves: Competing...
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