A Guide to Project Management

May come into conflict for example the manager of a

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Unformatted text preview: t development is undertaken in a purely functional organization, the design phase is often called a design project and includes only engineering department staff. If questions about manufacturing arise, they are passed up the hierarchy to the department head, who consults with the head of the manufacturing department. The engineering department head then passes the answer back down the hierarchy to the engineering project manager. At the opposite end of the spectrum is the projectized organization, shown in Figure 2-8. In a projectized organization, team members are often collocated. Most of the organization's resources are involved in project work, and project managers have a great deal of independence and authority. Projectized organizations often have organizational units called departments, but these groups either report directly to the project manager or provide support services to the various projects. Matrix organizations, as shown in Figures 2-9 through 2-11, are a blend of functional and projectized characteristics. Weak matrices maintain many of the characteristics of a functional organization, and the project manager role is more that of a coordinator or expediter than that of a manager. In similar fashion, strong matrices have many of the characteristics of the projectized organization--full-time project managers with considerable authority and fulltime project administrative staff. Most modern organizations involve all these structures at various levels, as shown in Figure 2-12. For example, even a fundamentally functional organization may create a special project team to handle a critical project. Such a team may have many of the characteristics of a project in a projectized organization. The team may include full-time staff from different functional departments, it may develop its own set of operating procedures, and it may operate outside the standard, formalized reporting structure. 20 NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST ACROYMNS LIST A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA Chapter 2--The Project Management Context Project Coordination Chief Executive Project Manager Project Manager Project Manager Staff Staff Staff A Guide to the A Guide to the Staff Staff Staff Staff Staff (Black boxes represent staff engaged in project activities.) Figure 28. Projectized Organization 2.3.4 Project Office There is a range of uses for what constitutes a project office. A project office may operate on a continuum from providing support functions to project managers in the form of training, software, templates, etc. to actually being responsible for the results of the project. Project Project Management Management Body of Body of KnowledgeE L KnowledgeE PL Staff MP AM SA S 2.4 KEY GENERAL MANAGEMENT SKILLS General management is a broad subject dealing with every aspect of managing an ongoing enterprise. Among other to...
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