A Guide to Project Management

Of the following major processes 91 organizational

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Unformatted text preview: e, most projects will resemble another project to some extent. Using the role and responsibility definitions or reporting relationships of a similar project can help expedite the process of organizational planning. .2 Human resource practices. Many organizations have a variety of policies, guidelines, and procedures that can help the project management team with various aspects of organizational planning. For example, an organization that views managers as "coaches" is likely to have documentation on how the role of "coach" is to be performed. .3 Organizational theory. There is a substantial body of literature describing how organizations can and should be structured. Although only a small subset of this body of literature is specifically targeted toward project organizations, the project management team should be generally familiar with the subject of organizational theory so as to be better able to respond to project requirements. .4 Stakeholder analysis. The identification of stakeholders and the needs of the various stakeholders should be analyzed to ensure that their needs will be met. Section discusses stakeholder analysis in more detail. 9.1.3 Outputs from Organizational Planning .1 Role and responsibility assignments. Project roles (who does what) and responsibilities (who decides what) must be assigned to the appropriate project stakeholders. Roles and responsibilities may vary over time. Most roles and responsibilities will be assigned to stakeholders who are actively involved in the work of the project, such as the project manager, other members of the project management team, and the individual contributors. The roles and responsibilities of the project manager are generally critical on most projects, but vary significantly by application area. Project roles and responsibilities should be closely linked to the project scope definition. A Responsibility Assignment Matrix (or RAM, see Figure 9-2) is often used for this purpose. On larger projects, RAMs may be developed at various 110 NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST ACROYMNS LIST A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA Chapter 9--Project Human Resource Management PERSON PHASE Requirements Functional Design Development Testing A S S S B R C A A R D P P A A P E P F ... P I P I A P P P R S S P = Participant A = Accountable R = Review Required I = Input Required S = Sign-off Required A Guide to the A Guide to the Figure 92. Responsibility Assignment Matrix levels. For example, a high-level RAM may define which group or unit is responsible for each component of the work breakdown structure, while lower-level RAMs are used within the group to assign roles and responsibilities for specific activities to particular individuals. .2 Staffing management plan. The staffing management plan describes when and how human resources will...
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This document was uploaded on 09/27/2013.

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