A Guide to Project Management

Reported within the framework provided by the

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Unformatted text preview: ide to the Risk management is the systematic process of identifying, analyzing, and responding to project risk. It includes maximizing the probability and consequences of positive events and minimizing the probability and consequences of adverse events to project objectives. Figure 11-1 provides an overview of the following major processes: 11.1 Risk Management Planning--deciding how to approach and plan the risk management activities for a project. 11.2 Risk Identification--determining which risks might affect the project and documenting their characteristics. 11.3 Qualitative Risk Analysis--performing a qualitative analysis of risks and conditions to prioritize their effects on project objectives. 11.4 Quantitative Risk Analysis--measuring the probability and consequences of risks and estimating their implications for project objectives. 11.5 Risk Response Planning--developing procedures and techniques to enhance opportunities and reduce threats to the project's objectives. 11.6 Risk Monitoring and Control--monitoring residual risks, identifying new risks, executing risk reduction plans, and evaluating their effectiveness throughout the project life cycle. These processes interact with each other and with the processes in the other knowledge areas. Each process generally occurs at least once in every project. Although processes are presented here as discrete elements with well-defined interfaces, in practice they may overlap and interact in ways not detailed here. Process interactions are discussed in detail in Chapter 3. Project risk is an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or a negative effect on a project objective. A risk has a cause and, if it occurs, a consequence. For example, a cause may be requiring a permit or having limited personnel assigned to the project. The risk event is that the permit may take longer than planned, or the personnel may not be adequate for the task. If either of these uncertain events occur, there will be a consequence on the project cost, schedule, or quality. Risk conditions could include aspects of the project environment that may contribute to project risk such as poor project management practices, or dependency on external participants that cannot be controlled. Project risk includes both threats to the project's objectives and opportunities to improve on those objectives. It has its origins in the uncertainty that is present in all projects. Known risks are those that have been identified and analyzed, and Project Project Management Management Body of Body of KnowledgeE L KnowledgeE PL MP AM SA S A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) 2000 Edition 2000 Project Management Institute, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA NAVIGATION LINKS ACROYMNS LIST ACRONYMS LIST 127 ACROYMNS LIST Chapter 11--Project Risk Management Figure 111 | PROJECT RISK MANAGEMENT 11.1 Risk Management Planning .1 Inputs .1 Project charter .2 Organizatio...
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