terms5,6,7 - Survey of Western Art I Prof Zaho TERMS...

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Prof. Zaho TERMS: Chapters 5, 6, and 7 Chapter 5: The Art of Ancient Greece acropolis – Greek for high city; usually the site of the cities most important temples. agora -An open space used for public meetings or business in ancient Greek cities. anastole - An off center parting of the hair with the locks brushed up and back near the part; a recognizable feature in the portraits of Alexander the Great. apotropaic - Capable of warding off evil. bilingual vases -Experimental Greek vases produced in the late sixth century B.C.; one side featured decoration in red-figure technique, the other black-figure technique. black-figure technique -In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear incised details. canon - A rule of proportion. The Greek sculptor Polykleitos wrote a ‘canon’ outlining the proportions for the ideal statue. caryatid -A female figure that functions as a supporting column. cella -The chamber (Greek naos) at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room in which the cult statue usually stood. centaur -In ancient Greek mythology, a fantastical creature, with the front or top half of a human and the back or bottom half of a horse. centauromachy -In Greek mythology, the battle between the Greeks and centaurs. chryselephantine -Fashioned of gold and ivory. contrapposto The disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part; a twist of the body about its central axis. cornice -The projecting, crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment; also, any crowning projection. entasis -A convex tapering (an apparent swelling) in the shaft of a column. fasciae -In the Classical Greek Ionic order, the three horizontal bands that make up the architrave. flute or fluting -Vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross-section and used principally on columns and pilasters. foreshortening -The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight. frieze -The part of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice; also, any sculptured or ornamented band in a building, on furniture, etc. gigantomachy -In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between gods and giants. gorgon -In ancient Greek mythology, a hideous female demon with snake hair. Medusa, the most famous gorgon, was capable of turning anyone who gazed at her into stone. Hellenistic -The term given to the Greek culture that developed after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and lasted until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31BC. herm
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ARH 2059 taught by Professor Margaretzaho during the Spring '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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terms5,6,7 - Survey of Western Art I Prof Zaho TERMS...

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