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Fallacy - Suppose that there are two children who eat the...

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Prof. Allen Fallacy Assignment April 1, 2008 A fallacy of affirming the consequence is defined as forming a conclusion from a situation that is not proven to be the cause. A mere assumption is not enough to prove something to be true. An example of this fallacy found in The New York Times is demonstrated from an article that attributes lack of sleep during infancy to be a cause of overweight children. This argument is a fallacy because there is no concrete evidence that supports the statement. It is logically incorrect to assume that just because an infant doesn’t get enough sleep that they have a higher chance of being overweight. A child who doesn’t sleep as much as the next is at a greater risk of being overweight because the time that they are not sleeping is more time that they potentially have to be eating. A person who doesn’t get any sleep at all but also doesn’t eat will not get fat. Fat is a result of food.
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Unformatted text preview: Suppose that there are two children who eat the exact same amount but one gets more sleep than the other and, in turn, is thinner. It is still not correct to jump to the conclusion that sleep is the cause. Environment, exercise, and perhaps most importantly genetics are major factors in determining a child’s physical form. This claim would be more credible if they would somehow manage to recreate the same exact environments for a number of different subjects with the only variable being the amount of sleep. As you can see clearly from my argument an assumption does necessarily lead something to be credible. This article is a clear example of the fallacy known as affirming the consequence. Not everything seen on the news or published in the papers can be believed to easily. The key to logic is to question uncertainty and if you ask the right questions it will eventually lead to what is logically true....
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