Anthro terms - cultural relativism The thesis that one must suspend judgment of other people's practices in order to understand them in their own

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cultural relativism The thesis that one must suspend judgment of other people’s practices in order to understand them in their own cultural terms. culture A society’s shared and socially transmitted ideas, values, and perceptions, which are used to make sense of experience and generate behavior and are reflected in that behavior. enculturation The process by which a society’s culture is transmitted from one generation to the next and individuals become members of their society. ethnic group People who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distinct group based on various cultural features such as shared ancestry and common origin, language, customs, and traditional beliefs. ethnicity This term, rooted in the Greek word ethnikos (“nation”) and related to ethnos (“custom”) is the expression of the set of cultural ideas held by an ethnic group. ethnocentrism The belief that the ways of one’s own culture are the only proper ones. gender The cultural elaborations and meanings assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes. infrastructure The economic foundation of a society, including its subsistence practices, and the tools and other material equipment used to make a living. pluralistic society A society in which two or more ethnic groups or nationalities are politically organized into one territorial state but maintain their cultural differences. social structure The rule-governed relationships—with all their rights and obligations—that hold members of a society together. This includes households, families, associations, and power relations, including politics. society An organized group or groups of interdependent people who generally share a common territory, language, and culture and who act together for collective survival and well-being. subculture A distinctive set of standards and behavior patterns by which a group within a larger society operates. superstructure A society’s shared sense of identity and worldview. The collective body of ideas, beliefs, and values by which a group of people makes sense of the world—its shape, challenges, and opportunities—and their place in it. This includes religion and national ideology.
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symbols Signs, sounds, gestures, and other things that are arbitrarily linked to something else and represent it in a meaningful way. core vocabularies The most basic and long-lasting words in any language—pronouns, lower numerals, and names for body parts and natural objects. dialects Varying forms of a language that reflect particular regions, occupations, or social classes and that are similar enough to be mutually intelligible. ethnolinguistics A branch of linguistics that studies the relationships between language and culture and how they mutually influence and inform each other. gendered speech
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTHRO 1000 taught by Professor Duncan during the Spring '08 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

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Anthro terms - cultural relativism The thesis that one must suspend judgment of other people's practices in order to understand them in their own

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