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nutriton outline - Nutrition Outline for Chapter 4 TEST =...

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Nutrition Outline for Chapter 4 – TEST = FEB. 6TH Chemical elements contained in carbohydrates : o Carbon o Hydrogen o Oxygen Recommended percentage of carbohydrate that should be present in a healthful diet. o 45- 65 % Describe the Classification System used with Carbohydrates o Simple – sugars, including both single sugar units and linked pairs of sugar units. The basic sugar unit is a molecule containing six carbon atoms, together with oxygen and hydrogen atoms. SWEET ex. Pepsi o Complex - long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber, also called polysaccharides STARCH ex. Potatoes Three Examples of Monosaccharide’s o Glucose : a single sugar used in both plant and animal tissues for energy, sometimes known as blood sugar or dextrose o Galactose : milk sugar o Fructose : fruit sugar Three Examples of Disaccharides o Sucrose = glucose + fructose = what most people commonly refer to as sugar ex. Candy, Cookies, Sugared Cereals and Drinks o Lactose
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