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Unformatted text preview: Sports Nutrition-Components of Cardiovascular Fitness 1. Endurance 2. Strength 3. Flexibility-Benefits of Exercise Physical:-Lowered heart rate-Lowered pulse-Decrease body fat-Increase muscle mass-Improved sleep-Appetite suppressant-Lowered blood pressure Psychological: -Stress reducer-Increased well being-Reduced depression-Improved body image-Ultimate Benefit to Cardiovascular System: Increased CARDIAC OUTPUT STRONGER PUMP Increased STROKE VOLUME BLOOD COMPLETELY EMPTIED FROM HEART-Energy Transformations Creatine Phosphate Rapid, direct, small ATP Anaerobic Metabolism Rapid, indirect, small ATP Aerobic Metabolism Slow, indirect, large ATP-Carbohydrate Loading: increasing glycogen stores through changes in diet and training which sustain the athlete during endurance competition-Not extremely helpful in strength competition-loading period is begun 1 week prior to competition-The athlete slowly increases the amount of total carbohydrate he/she is consuming-Simultaneously, the athlete is tapering off on training intensity Disadvantages: Only effective about 4 times annually Causes water gain/bloating Difficult to meal plan Describe the daily recommended macronutrient percentage for athletes indicating the relative shifts from the average adult recommendation....
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- Winter '08