Final Tiananmen paper - Thomas Schlesser History 108 Final...

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Thomas SchlesserHistory 108 Final PaperThe day of June 4th1989 will forever be remembered by the Chinese people and the restof the world.That day in Beijing, China’s Tiananmen Square, hundreds of student protestorswere massacred by the Chinese military ordered by the Chinese leaders to stop the protests.Theevents that happened that day and leading up to the massacre helped shaped the way that theUnited States views China, in terms of foreign policy and human rights.Tiananmen Square dates back to the 1400’s, when during the Ming Dynasty it was builtas the gate to the Forbidden City.The Forbidden City was where the Chinese leaders of the timemet and were the laws of the day were made.Over time, the square was officially completed in1651. .In 1958, the square was renovated and re-cemented.With this renovation, the area ofthe square was made to be 4 times bigger than it was when it was originally built.In 1976, whenMao Zedong passed away, his final resting place is a mausoleum inside Tiananmen Square.Tohelp accommodate Mao’s resting place, the square once again was enlarged and now can hold anestimated 600,000 people.Also inside is the National Museum of China, which is the singlelargest museum in China and one of the largest in the world.Sitting on the land is the Great Hallof the People, where the Chinese parliament meets. Over time Tiananmen was home to manymajor events in Chinese history.It is where the parades for the 35th, 50th, and the 60thanniversaryof the Communist rule.Also here is where Mao Zedong proclaimed that China would now beknown as The People Republic of China.The most famous of event that occurred here are theTiananmen Square protests of 1989.The protest went on for several weeks before the massacre on June 4th.The protestsstarted in mid-April, after the death of a former communist party leader Hu Yaobang on April
15th, 1989.The students were protesting the communist rule and wanted to have a democraticgovernment come to power.Many students in the days leading up to the 4thwere participatingin hunger strikes.Some were only for about a day or so, but they continued to go on with longerones, consisting of about 48 and 72 hours.The longer ones were being done by the studentleaders, and by a famous pop singer, Hou Dejian, who after performing, was set to take on a 72hour hunger strike with a few of the student leaders and an officer of a major computer companyin China.Almost 3,000 students were making hunger strikes on and off all throughout the daysleading up to the massacre. Many students began to assemble in the square as early as mid to lateApril.The protestors filled the square on April 21stto protest at the funeral of Hu Yaobang. Theprotestors were often supported by the regular citizens because they wanted to help protect theweakened students who embarked on their hunger strikes.On May 20ththe Government ofChina declared martial law in Beijing.The army was to move to the square but was blocked by

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Mao Zedong, Tiananmen Square, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Tiananmen

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