Thucydidēs - Oxford Reference.pdf - Thucydidēs - Oxford...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

The preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.
Publisher:Oxford University PressPrint Publication Date:2007Print ISBN-13:9780192801463Published online:2007Current Online Version:2007eISBN: 9780191727061Oxford Dictionary of the Classical WorldEdited by John Roberts, author of the (incomplete) History of the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, 431–404BC, in eight books.1.LifeHe was born probably between 460 and 455: he was general (seeSTRATEGOI) in 424 and must then have been at least 30 yearsold; while his claim that he was of years of discretion from beginning to end of the war may suggest that he was not much morethan grown-up in 431. He probably diedc.400. He shows no knowledge of 4th-cent. events. The revival of Athenian sea powerunder Conon (1) and Thrasybulus (2), from 394 on, made the decision of Aegospotami (405: seeATHENS, HISTORY) lessdecisive than it had seemed toThucydides . Of the three writers who undertook to complete his History, only Xenophon tookhis view that the story ended in 404 (or 401).Thucydides caught the plague, some time between 430 and 427, but recovered, and in 424 failed to save Amphipolis fromBrasidas. Not to have been a match for Brasidas does not prove him a bad soldier. He was exiled for this (424 winter) andreturned 20 years later, after the war was over, and died within a few years.He had property and influence in the mining district of Thrace. His father's name was Olorus, the name of Cimon's Thraciangrandfather; his tomb was in Cimon's family vault. It is almost certain he was related by blood to Cimon, and probably toThucydides (1); born in the anti-Periclean opposition, he followed Pericles with a convert's zeal.2. Parts of the HistoryThucydidēs - Oxford Reference...1 of 512/18/2017, 9:10 AM
The History falls into five parts: A, an introduction (bk. 1); B, the ten years war (2. 1–5. 24); C, the precarious peace (5. 25–end); D, the Sicilian War (6 and 7); E, fragment of the Decelean War (8). It is convenient to take first B and D, the two completewars.B is enclosed between two statements that ‘the continuous war has herein been described’. It was therefore provisionallyfinished (if these areThucydides ' words). It contains one allusion to the fall of Athens (2. 65. 12) and several allusions toevents late in the 27 years: these are no doubt additions made to an already existing narrative, since one passage certainly waswritten before the last decade of the century. The narrative becomes more summary afterThucydides ' exile: e.g. after the futileembassy to Artaxerxes 1 I of Persia nothing is said of the important negotiations with Darius II.D is the most finished portion. As it stands, it is adapted to a history of the whole war, and twice at least refers to events of 404or later. But these may be revisions, and it has been suggested thatThucydides published it separately. B and D are connectedby C, sequel to B and introduction to D, and so provided with a second preface. For symptoms of incompleteness, see below. Ccovers five and a half years, very unequally. Its two outstanding features are the description of the Mantinea campaign, and the

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 5 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture