New York City Water Supply- geology 102

New York City Water Supply- geology 102 - New York City...

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New York City Water Supply The New York water supply system serves Westchester County and New York City, except for parts of Jamaica in Queens County. This system has been the purest and most bountiful supply of drinking water in the United States. It utilizes three separate systems of reservoirs which obtain water from some 2,000 square miles of watershed in upstate New York. The three systems include the Croton System, the Catskill System and the Delaware System. Generally the three elements of the New York City delivery system represent separate systems without direct inter-connections. Two tunnels City Tunnel No. 1 and No. 2 carry water from the Croton System to New York City. The Richmond Tunnel carries water from City Tunnel No. 2 to Staten Island. A new tunnel, City Tunnel No. 3, has been under construction since 1970. Most of the work in Manhattan and the Bronx has been completed. Tunneling is underway in Brooklyn and Queens. New York City has a unique water supply system which has been the envy of the world. It was not always this way, for may years the city had many problems with its drinking water supply. Many of its citizens died or became very ill due to contaminated water. Primitive dug wells served the colony’s population when it was first settled. By 1664 the population was 1,500. Waste and sewage were disposed of in pits or open dumps. This system was effective until the population density grew. Water became polluted and people started coming down with typhoid fever and intestinal diseases. By 1790, with a population of 33,000, it was clear that a central water system was needed. A large pond called the Collect Pond had been serving New Amsterdam and New York. Buckets and carts were used to draw from the pond’s waters. With the increasing population growth, and the unsanitary habits of its citizens, poor taste and pollution was the result. In 1799, the first true water supply system of New York was created by the Manhattan Company. This company was created to conduct business as a bank. Service was limited because the company's real purpose was to be a bank. The Bank of the Manhattan Company still lives as a part of Chase Manhattan Bank. The Manhattan Company served only 2,000 homes through 25 miles of piping. This water only served the upper class and was badly served by a company that only cared to maintain the illusion of a public water service while protecting its banking operations. Anyone not fortunate enough to be connected would have to get their water the traditional way, public pumping or from people peddling water on the street. The shortage of potable water was thought by some New York residents to be behind the rise in public drunkenness, not the unsanitary ways of the citizens. The water became more and more polluted and outbreaks of disease continued to hit New York; yellow fever in 1819 and 1822, cholera in 1832 and 1834. Doctors warned that a decent water supply was essential, if the town wanted to prevent further outbreaks. In 1835, the city voted to spend $12 million to dam the Croton River, approximately 45
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New York City Water Supply- geology 102 - New York City...

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