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Climatic map of canada kppens source government of

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Unformatted text preview: her Classifications Other Several other classification systems exist for Several climate. These include classification by: climate. – Ecoregions – Bioclimates 7 Ecoregions Ecoregions Another way to classify a climate zone. Ecoregions focus on Another the ecology of a region. This classification looks at: the – Landforms – Soil – Plants – Animals – Climate There are 867 global Ecoregions Complete classifications is done by: – Zones – Provinces – Regions – Districts 8 Example of Classification Ecozone 15 top of hierarchy­ sub­continental scale. Large and generalized ecological units characterized by interactive and adjusting abiotic and biotic factors. Ecoprovince 53 characterized by structural or surface forms, faunal realms, and vegetation, hydrology, soil, and macro climate. Ecoregion eg, Newfoundland ecoprovince (no. 6.4) is one of 6 ecoprovinces in Boreal Shield Ecozone. characterized by regional factors, including climate, physiography, vegetation, soil, water, and fauna. 194 eg, Maritime Barrens ecoregion (no. 114) is one of 9 ecoregions in Newfoundland ecoprovince. Ecodistrict 1021 characterized by assemblages of relief, landforms, geology, soil, vegetation, water bodies and fauna. eg, the Jeddore Lake ecodistrict (no. 473) is one of 5 in Maritime Barrens ecoregion. Source: http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/nsdb/ecostrat/intro.html Terrestrial Ecoregions of Canada Terrestrial 10 Source: http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/maps/archives/5thedition/environment/ecology/mcr4164/?maxwidth=1600&maxheight=1400&mode=navigator&upperleftx=0&upperlefty=0&lowerrightx=5352&lowerrighty=4704&mag=0.125 From - http://www.ec.gc.ca/soer-ree/English/Framework/Nardesc/Canada_e.cfm 11 11 Bioclimate Profiles Bioclimate Series of Graphs which describe only temperature and moisture Series conditions for a location conditions Describe climate conditions and predict possible changes over Describe next 40-80 years. Source: http://www.utoronto.ca/imap/ 12 12 Climatographs Climatographs Climatographs Provide a quantitative breakdown of temperature and precipitation Shows fluctuation seasonally 13 13 Constructing Climatographs Constructing the letters along the bottom of the graphs identify the months of the the year starting with "J" for January plot the dot in the middle of the bar for all months then join with plot a smooth curving line to indicate the temperature conditions (the scale is given at the left in Celcius) (the – Convention: when using colour this line is usually 'red' Convention: twelve vertical bars which indicate the average monthly amount twelve of precipitation. Use the millimetre (mm) scale to the right to measure the amountsmeasure – Convention: when using colour the bars are usually coloured in 'blue' 14 Group Exercise Group You are given mean temperature and precipitation data for the following seven Canadian cities: Vancouver, BC Victoria, BC Ottawa, ON Iqaluit, NU Windsor, ON Yellowknife, NWT Medicine Hat, AB Each of the above cities belongs to a different climate region in Canada. Your task is as follows: Your Using the temperature and precipitation data from Table 1, determine the Köppen climate region that the Using data originates from. data When you have completed the task, match the cities in the table to one of the 7 cities listed above and When create the climatograph for each of the cities. create Explain the differences that you see among the 7 climate zones. 15 Classifying Climate BACKUP SLIDES BACKUP 16 From - http://www.dbs-sar.com/images/World_ecoregion.bmp 17 17 From -http://assets.panda.org/img/ecoregions_232886.jpg 18 18 From - http://www.on.ec.gc.ca/wildlife/wildspace/wsimages/ws-map-ontforest.gif 19 19 Methods of describing Climate Ecoregions Also consider landforms, plants, soil type and animals 867 global Ecoregions SUBDIVIDED – Zones, – Provinces, – Regions – Districts Source: http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/ecoregions/images/maps/ecoregions-north-america.gif 20 20 Methods of describing Climate Bioclimatic Profiles Describe only climatic Conditions Describe climate conditions and predict possible changes over next 40­80 years From - http://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/images/cfs11x8E.jpg 21 21...
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