Directorial Concept- Paper Part III

Directorial Concept- Paper Part III - Dramatic Analysis...

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Dramatic Analysis Paper Assignment, Part III A Directorial Concept By Alex “Lexie” Picker THE 050: Dramatic Analysis Dr. Lynne Greeley 22 October 2007
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Aristotle idealized what any tragedy must contain in his lecture called the Poetics . The six elements (Plot, Character, Idea, Spectacle, and Song) all must be present and developed in the right magnitude to complete a true tragedy. A beautiful example of a tragedy that shows all six of these elements working together and all at the same level is Sophocles’ Antigone. As we have already discussed, the elements of plot are crucial in completing the dramatic whole of any tragedy. We saw how plot is used in Sophocles’ Antigone , and next, we must look at the elements of character and idea within the play to see how they must contribute to the plot in order to complete the tragedy . Kreon illustrates Sophocles’ views of democracy (that human society is universally equal) through his actions against his family and people by showing that even a king can fall and fail. “I have learned, and am ruined. It was a god. Then, right then! Hit me, held me, heaped heavy in my head; shaken on savage paths; joy trampled; and for all men, futile struggle.” 1 Sophocles uses both character (Kreon) and idea (society is universally equal) to make a statement about the plot (Kreon fails because of his actions). With this said, one can see how the plot of a tragedy would be nothing without these two very important elements. A tragedy would lack depth and heart. Character can be thought of as the material of the plot. It is the combined actions of all the characters that compromise the plot. 2 Then, with the actions of one character, the idea can be seen. The idea is what the plot is trying to communicate. 3 Before the reader can understand how the actions of the character or characters 1 Sophocles. Antigone, trans.by Richard Emil Braun (New York: Oxford University Press, 1973), 70. 2 Dramatic Analysis, “Aristotelian Analysis,” University of Vermont, 2007, 4. 3 Dramatic Analysis, 7.
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contribute to the plot, it is necessary to understand the elements of what the characters are. The two most essential characters in any good story are the protagonist and the antagonist. The protagonist refers to the leading character in the play. It is the character that makes events happen and carries the action of the play along. 4 Without the protagonist, the plot could not exist. Generally, the protagonist is more good than evil, but not in every case. With Antigone, there is much controversy as to who the true protagonist is. Some readers believe that Antigone is the true protagonist. The play is named after her; therefore she must be the chief agent in the story. However, if one were to draw a conclusion based on the accepted definition of a protagonist, he or she would see that Kreon is the one who is carrying on the action of the plot. It is easy to become confused because both Kreon and Antigone are crucial to each other’s actions. Segal
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Directorial Concept- Paper Part III - Dramatic Analysis...

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