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Running Head: CLEAN WATER INITIATIVES IN KENYA 1 Clean Water Initiatives in Kenya Name: Institution:
CLEAN WATER INITIATIVES IN KENYA 2 Clean Water Initiatives in Kenya Introduction Kenya is faced with severe water crisis due to drought, floods, forest degradation, water contamination, lack of water supply management, and population growth. According to the United Nations, Kenyans are one of the most struggling populations in the world. In Kenya, among other areas, clean water is highly needed because it is not only necessary for adults but mostly for the children health, sanitation and hygiene (Marshall, 2011). Most deaths among children below five years result from diseases related to sanitation, hygiene and water. Lack of access to clean water has a significant impact on schools, causing setbacks for children by affecting their development and potential. The goal of clean water initiatives is to ensure complete access to clean water for every Kenyan by 2030. However, the increase in population growth in the country has prevented the completion of this goal. Kenya ranks as the third in Africa, considering the number of people who consume contaminated water sources, with about 5 million people practising open defecation (Marshall, 2011). Additionally, those who have access to water and soap in their homes account for 14% of Kenya's population. In Kenya, 32% of Kenyans depend on unimproved water sources such as rivers, ponds, and shallow wells, while 48% lack access to basic sanitation. LifeStraw Water Initiative LifeStraw involves the manufacture of devices used for water filtration and purification purposes. LifeStraw is an easy filter to use and cheap to make, thus adding to the high growth rate of technologies in rich countries to improve people's lives in poor counties. Children can carry filtering devices with less density to ensure that they take clean water wherever they are and whenever they want. The unfiltered water goes to the end of the tube. Then, one can take water from the top, leaving the unfiltered water to the bottom, ensuring that 99.9%of
CLEAN WATER INITIATIVES IN KENYA 3 waterborne bacteria and waterborne parasites are eliminated (Kiptum, & Musamali, 2017). It does not need any extra parts for it to function or devices to charge it. The filtering tube

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