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Unformatted text preview: Retz, Tinosphora cordifolia (Wild) Miers, etc. are widely used for liver complications. The marketed formulations such as Mandoor Bhasma and Loha Bhasma having single constituents are Bitters and vegetable tonics, e.g. gentian, are useful in functional disorders.10 Torpid liver with accompanying headache is treated with Livomyn. Ipecachunha is reported to promote the flow of bile and given in large doses to dysenteric patients suffering also with hepatitis. A formulation prepared by mixing Nux vomica, podophyllum and mecury is useful in small doses in hepatic diseases. The important formulations areAcilvan, Hep‐10, Liva‐16, Livodin, Livosin, Livotrit, Livocin, Vilmliv, Livomycin, Liv‐52, Amlycure, Sanliv etc. Livin, Livokin, Livomin and Livosin formulations are composed of excessive number of herbal constituents while least number of drugs are present in Livertone, Stimuliv, Tefroli and Vimliv. The preparation ‘Trisoliv’ possesses only Andrographis paniculata Nees. The quantity of each herbal drug varies in each formulation (Table.3). This review includes classification of hepatoprotective herbal drugs according to their major phytoconstituents, parts used and family. It also includes the standard marketed Ayurvedic formulation along with the name of their manufacturers. So, the present data will be a helpful guide for identifying the different parts of the medicinal plants for hepatoprotective potential in various liver complications. Suralkar et al. Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 4, Issue 3, 2011, 18
Table 1: Table Shows Liver Protective Herbal Drug Along With Their Main Phytoconstituents. Sr. no. Main phytoconstituent 1 Phenols 2 Coumarin 3 Lignans 4 Essential oil 5 6 Monoterpens Sesquiterpens 7 8 Diterpens Triterpens 9 10 Carotenoids Glycosides 11 Flavonoids 12 Alkaloids 13 Xanthines Sr. no. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Liver protective drug Part used Plant Arnica Montana Linn.
Plant Cichorium intybus Linn.12,13 Root Picrorriza kurroa Royle14 Plant Syzygium aromaticum Linn.15 Fungus Armillaria tabescens Scop. 16
Plant Artemisiae capillaries herba 17 Roots Hemidesmus indicus18 Fruit Schisandra chinensis Turcz.19 Fruit Schisandra sphenanthera20 Seed Silybum marianum Gaertn21,22 Leaves Thujopsis dolabrata23 24 Anethum graveolens Linn.
Fruit Apium graveolens Linn.25,26 Seed Azadirachta indica 27 Leaves Carapa guianensi Aublet28 Seed Cynara scolumus Linn.29 Leaves, Flower 30,31 Foenuculum vulgare Mill.
Plant Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.32 Plant Pimpinella anisum Linn.33 Plant Rhizome Murraya koenigii Linn.34 Root Atractylodis lanceae Rhizoma35
Lindera strychnifolia (Sieb. & Zucc.)36 Leaves Whole plant Andrographis paniculata Nees37,38 Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn.39,40 Root Hedyotis corymbosa Linn.41 Whole plant Trunkwood Protium heptaphyllum Aubl.42 Plant Sambucus chinesis Lindley43 Leaves Tetrapanax papyriferus44 Fruit Gardenia florida45
Aloe barbadensis Mill46
Leaves Dianthus superbus Linn.40 Plant Panax ginseng40 Rhizome Polygonum cuspidatum47 Root P...
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- Fall '11