sociology Chapter 6 outline - Altruism A motive to increase...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Altruism –  A motive to increase another’s welfare without conscious  regard for one’s self interests. Social-exchange theory –  the theory that human interactions are  transactions that aim to maximize one’s rewards and minimize one’s costs States that we are guided by social economics. Don’t only  exchange  material goods but also love, services, info, and status Reward Theory - There are internal and external rewards for almost all  actions, even if the rewards are hidden to other people. No one truly  altruistic  Egoism –  a motive (supposedly underlying all behavior) to increase  one’s own welfare. The opposite of altruism, which aims to increase  another’s welfare Internal rewards – Do things to reduce guilt and distress. Someone  screams, you help them to reduce your own distress or not to feel guilty  later. Also to improve your public image. Negative mood - When adults feel negative they do good deeds because  they carry inner rewards. Not so for children, they have not been  socialized to see the inner rewards of helping. In fact they view unhelpful  characters in stories to be happier. Usually occurs when their attention is  on others like someone sick, not when they are angry 
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 003 taught by Professor Robwahl during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

Page1 / 3

sociology Chapter 6 outline - Altruism A motive to increase...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online