sociology Chapter 8 outline - Chapter 8 Group Two or more...

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Chapter 8 Group  – Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact  with and influence one another and perceive one another as ‘us’ People not working together are just a collection of people. These people  are just merely present. They are  co-actors  – co-participants working  individually on a noncompetitive activity. Three examples of collective  influence: Social Facilitation –  (1) original meaning – tendency of people to  perform simple or well-learned tasks better when others are present.  (2) Current meaning – strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely)  responses in the presence of others. o Presence of others boost performance on easy tasks but hinder on  harder ones o Crowding – presence of many people – enhances comfort and  makes people laugh and clap together – closer the better o Evaluation Apprehension –  Concern for how others are  evaluating us.  o Also get distracted easily and overload our cognitive and get 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 003 taught by Professor Robwahl during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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sociology Chapter 8 outline - Chapter 8 Group Two or more...

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