Lauren Bosco, Assignment 3

Lauren Bosco, Assignment 3 - Lauren Bosco Honors Ethics...

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Lauren Bosco 9/11/12 Honors Ethics Benedict and McWilliams Benedict: Anthropology and the Abnormal 1. In her essay “Anthropology and the Abnormal,” Ruth Benedict argues that moral norms are culturally defined. How does she use the examples of mysticism, homosexuality, the Dobu and the Kwakiutl to defend this claim? These examples defend the claim that moral norms are culturally defined because certain cultures accept and have a place for what may be seen as abnormal in our society. Benedict uses the example of homosexuality in Ancient Greece and many Native American tribes. 2. People often debate as to whether certain traits are a matter of “nature” or “nurture.” From her comments in this essay, what position does Benedict appear to defend on this issue? It appears that Benedict is defending the idea of “nurture” in the matter. It is the culture that a person is raised in that shapes his/her beliefs, thought-process, daily-life, and
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Unformatted text preview: morals. A person does not betray their culture. She says “The vast majority of the individuals in any group are shaped to the fashion of that culture. In other words, most individuals are plastic to the molding force of the society into which they are born.” McWilliams, Just Food 1. McWilliams argues that we are better served by looking at the “life-cycle assessment” of a given food product as opposed to the miles it has been transported. How does he justify this claim? According to McWilliams, life-cycle assessments expose environmentally damaging processes in the food-supply chain that need repair. This assessment is to identify the most energy-draining stages of consumption and better direct our efforts to reducing their impact. It is life-cycle assessments that have broadened the perspective on food miles. They flesh out the food system in ways that highlight the subtleties of transportation, distance, and production....
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