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securityclass92905 - L32 3381 National Security Civil...

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L32 3381 – National Security, Civil Liberties & the Law Washington University Fall 2005 Tuesdays & Thursdays 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. Crow 204
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Planning for Homeland Security US has regarded terrorism as an important threat to national security since at least the mid- 80s, when VP George Bush lead a commission that laid the groundwork for the current policy. Much turns on the definition of Terrorism. If it is a crime, criminal law might be invoked to deter and punish. Most acts of terrorism are, in fact crimes. If it is an act of war – one that threatens national security – then all the nation’s resources including the intelligence community and the military may be mobilized to fight it.
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VP Bush Task Force on Terrorism The Public Report of the Vice President’s Task Force on combating Terrorism (1986): terrorism ‘by any person or group . . in all its forms and where ever it takes place’ is defined as a potential threat to national security; steps will be taken to punish ‘suspected states sponsors of international terrorism through political ostracization, economic sanctions, and sometimes unilateral military action
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VP Bush Task Force on Terrorism The Public Report of the Vice President’s Task Force on combating Terrorism (1986) : US gov't will make no concessions to terrorists actions against terrorists will be taken without surrendering basic freedoms or endangering democratic principles. These were formalized as policy in 1986.
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1996 Counterterrorism Legislation spurred by 2 incidents: 1993 bombing of World Trade Center 1995 Timothy McVeigh’s attack on federal building in Oklahoma City Legislation actually proposed by Pres. Clinton in Feb. 1995, but after Oklahoma City bombing, Congress was under pressure to respond.
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Attorney General Attorney General is expressly vested with “primary investigative authority for all federal crimes of terrorism” 18 USC 2332b (f) (2000). FBI, in contrast, has little statutory authority to carry out its mission, but rather operates based on AG’s authority.
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1993 World Trade Bombing Feb. 26, 1993 Killed 6, injured over 1,000 Changed America’s notions of security Those charged had immigrated to US using false passports or false visas or claiming political asylum Base, a Mosque in Jersey city had been a center for the teachings of Sheik Omar Rahman, known for advocating violence. Rahman and Ramzi Yousef were on a state dept. terrorist list
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Oklahoma City Bombing April 19, 1995: blast destroyed federal building, killing 168 and wounding more than 500 others Traced the Ryder truck with the explosives to Junction City Kansas, and ultimately to Timothy McVeigh McVeigh’s ties to militia remain unclear, though he was known to have attended meetings of right wing militia groups and was a believer in the Turner Diaries , which tells the story of white supremacists who blow up the FBI Nichols surrendered and was indicted
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World Trade and Oklahoma City Similarities: members/believers of radical social networks
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