But now concentration has increased

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Unformatted text preview: rdistan (Nashville) o Kurdistan is a region including parts of Turkey, Syria, Iran, and Iraq o 1970s: booming economy, lower cost of living, strong resource of charitable allocations to help refugees, wanted security and survival o Push factors: genocide and oppression (especially under Saddam Hussein’s regime) o Catholic Charities resettled the first Kurdish refugees, most of whom come from Iraq o 4 waves of Kurdish immigration o Refugees receive help with jobs (entry- level), living, school (many were uneducated because Saddam Hussein never gave anyone a chance to learn and bombed schools), language (most difficult problem) o The younger Kurds learn English much more easily than the older generation. Older are most culturally and linguistically isolated. Youth balance parents’ customs at home with Americanized life outside of the home. o Kurds have opened their own businesses: car dealerships, bakeries; trying to overcome traditional gender roles, pursuing education Latino Migration o Latino populations tend to be concentrated at the city and at the neighborhood levels, but not in one specific area. 59% of Latinos in TN live in Memphis, Nashville, or Knoxville. Many also in Bells (PicSweet Vegetables), Monterey (Perdue Chicken), and Shelbyville (Tyson Chicken). o In Tennessee, close to three quarters of Latino immigrants are from Mexico, and another 15% from Central America. o Pull factors: employment vacancies in low- paying, low- desired sectors; low cost of living; less competition for those wanting businesses o Push factors: poverty (failure of local markets to support population growth, dependence on larger countries); lack of jobs; low wages; land reform and reduction in agricultural sectors o Job concentration: construction, agriculture, labor/freight, food processing (men); service, office, hospitality (women) o They don’t assimilate – they stay in their communities – language barriers, discriminatory public policies...
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