hw4 - If I were to suddenly find Carmel aversive, chocolate...

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Ian Tierson Pavlovian conditioning: Read Chapter 4 23) What is the CS-preexposure effect? The CS-preexposure effect references the difficulty experienced in attempting to condition a stimulus that the subject has been exposed to previously. Why is it important? It is important because it helps us recognize effective stimuli and separate them from stimuli that may have a compromised effect. 24) Why is intensity of the CS/US important? If the stimulus is difficult to notice, the strength of the pairing is likely to be weaker. Why is belongingness important? If the CS and US require abstract thinking to be tied to each other then the response will be confused, and weaker. 25) Generate your own examples of higher order conditioning and sensory preconditioning. If a light stimulus is strongly conditioned with shock, then eventually the light stimulus shoud be able to condition the same response to a bell. I like caramel and chocolate together.
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Unformatted text preview: If I were to suddenly find Carmel aversive, chocolate would be unpleasant as well. What is the difference between the two phenomena? Sensory preconditioning involves two stimuli being paired with each other and then having one suddenly become aversive, whereas higher order conditioning relies on one CS to become a US for a second CS. 26) How is counterconditioning useful for behavior therapy? It reduces the aversive properties of a stimulus. 27) What determines the nature of the conditioned response? The nature of the US. 28) Some dentists ask their patients to listen to music through headphones while having their teeth worked on. Why would this be helpful? This would be an example of counterconditioning. The pleasantness of the music would counter the aversiveness of the dentist. Should people who do this listen to music they like or music they dislike? They should listen to music then like....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 281 taught by Professor Phelan during the Spring '07 term at St. John Fisher College.

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