This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: #UD For an illegal address in the SS segment. For a page fault. If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1. If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. Real-Address Mode Exceptions
#GP(0) If a memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. If any part of the operand lies outside the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH. #NM #UD If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1. If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions
Same exceptions as in Real Address Mode #PF(fault-code) For a page fault. Compatibility Mode Exceptions
Same exceptions as in Protected Mode. 64-Bit Mode Exceptions
#SS(0) #GP(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a noncanonical form. If the memory address is in a non-canonical form. If memory operand is not aligned on a 16-byte boundary, regardless of segment. #PF(fault-code) #NM For a page fault. If CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1. Vol. 2 3-637 INSTRUCTION SET REFERENCE, A-M #UD If CR0.EM[bit 2] = 1. If CR4.OSFXSR[bit 9] = 0. If CPUID.01H:EDX.SSE2[bit 26] = 0. 3-638 Vol. 2 INSTRUCTION SET REFERENCE, A-M MOVNTI--Store Doubleword Using Non-Temporal Hint
64-Bit Mode Valid Compat/ Leg Mode Valid Opcode 0F C3 /r Instruction MOVNTI m32, r32 MOVNTI m64, r64 REX.W + 0F C3 /r Valid N.E. Description Move doubleword from r32 to m32 using non-temporal hint. Move quadword from r64 to m64 using non-temporal hint. Description
Moves the doubleword integer in the source operand (second operand) to the destination operand (first operand) using a non-temporal hint to minimize cache pollution during the write to memory. The source operand is a general-purpose register. The destination operand is a 32-bit memory location. The non-temporal hint is implemented by using a write combining (WC) memory type protocol when writing the data to memory. Using this protocol, the processor does not write the data into the cache hierarchy, nor does it fetch the corresponding cache line from memory into the cache hierarchy. The memory type of the region being written to can override the non-temporal hint, if the memory address specified for the non-temporal store is in an uncacheable (UC) or write protected (WP) memory region. For more information on non-temporal stores, see "Caching of Temporal vs. Non-Temporal Data" in Chapter 10 in the Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 1. Because the WC protocol uses a weakly-ordered memory consistency model, a fencing operation implemented with the SFENCE or MFENCE instruction should be used in conjunction with MOVNTI instructions if multiple processors might use different memory types to read/write the destination memory locations. In 64-bit mode, the instruction's default operation size is 32 bits. Use of the REX.R prefix permits access to additional registers (R8-R15). Use of the REX.W prefix promotes operation to 64 bits. See the summary chart at the beginning of this section for encoding data...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 10/01/2013 for the course CPE 103 taught by Professor Watlins during the Winter '11 term at Mississippi State.
- Winter '11