ia-32_volume1_basic-arch

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Unformatted text preview: . . . .6-16 Nested Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-22 Stack Frame After Entering the MAIN Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-23 Stack Frame After Entering Procedure A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-23 Stack Frame After Entering Procedure B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-24 Stack Frame After Entering Procedure C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25 Operation of the PUSH Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7 Vol. 1 xvii CONTENTS PAGE Figure 7-2. Figure 7-3. Figure 7-4. Figure 7-5. Figure 7-7. Figure 7-6. Figure 7-8. Figure 7-9. Figure 7-10. Figure 7-11. Figure 8-1. Figure 8-2. Figure 8-3. Figure 8-4. Figure 8-5. Figure 8-6. Figure 8-7. Figure 8-8. Figure 8-9. Figure 8-10. Figure 8-11. Figure 8-12. Figure 8-13. Figure 9-1. Figure 9-2. Figure 9-3. Figure 9-4. Figure 10-1. Figure 10-2. Figure 10-3. Figure 10-4. Figure 10-5. Figure 10-6. Figure 10-7. Figure 10-8. Figure 10-9. Figure 11-1. Figure 11-2. Figure 11-3. Figure 11-4. Figure 11-5. Figure 11-6. Figure 11-7. Figure 11-8. Figure 11-9. Figure 12-1. Figure 12-2. Operation of the PUSHA Instruction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8 Operation of the POP Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8 Operation of the POPA Instruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9 Sign Extension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10 SHR Instruction Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15 SHL/SAL Instruction Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15 SAR Instruction Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16 SHLD and SHRD Instruction Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17 ROL, ROR, RCL, and RCR Instruction Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18 Flags Affected by the PUSHF, POPF, PUSHFD, and POPFD Instructions. . . . . . . . . 7-29 x87 FPU Execution Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3 x87 FPU Data Register Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4 Example x87 FPU Dot Product Computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5 x87 FPU Status Word . . . . . . . . . . ....
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