Unformatted text preview: asked if the corresponding mask bit is set, and it is unmasked if the bit is clear. These mask bits are set upon a power-up or reset. This causes all SIMD floating-point exceptions to be initially masked. If LDMXCSR or FXRSTOR clears a mask bit and sets the corresponding exception flag bit, a SIMD floating-point exception will not be generated as a result of this change. The unmasked exception will be generated only upon the execution of the next SSE/SSE2/SSE3 instruction that detects the unmasked exception condition. For more information about the use of the SIMD floating-point exception mask and flag bits, see Section 11.5, "SSE, SSE2, and SSE3 Exceptions," and Section 12.8, "SSE3/SSSE3 Exceptions." 10.2.3.2 SIMD Floating-Point Rounding Control Field Bits 13 and 14 of the MXCSR register (the rounding control [RC] field) control how the results of SIMD floating-point instructions are rounded. See Section 4.8.4, 10-6 Vol. 1 PROGRAMMING WITH STREAMING SIMD EXTENSIONS (SSE) "Rounding," for a description of the function and encoding of the rounding control bits. 10.2.3.3 Flush-To-Zero Bit 15 (FZ) of the MXCSR register enables the flush-to-zero mode, which controls the masked response to a SIMD floating-point underflow condition. When the underflow exception is masked and the flush-to-zero mode is enabled, the processor performs the following operations when it detects a floating-point underflow condition: Returns a zero result with the sign of the true result Sets the precision and underflow exception flags If the underflow exception is not masked, the flush-to-zero bit is ignored. The flush-to-zero mode is not compatible with IEEE Standard 754. The IEEEmandated masked response to underflow is to deliver the denormalized result (see Section 18.104.22.168, "Normalized and Denormalized Finite Numbers"). The flush-to-zero mode is provided primarily for performance reasons. At the cost of a slight precision loss, faster execution can be achieved for applications where underflows are common and rounding the underflow result to zero can be tolerated. The flush-to-zero bit is cleared upon a power-up or reset of the processor, disabling the flush-to-zero mode. 10.2.3.4 Denormals-Are-Zeros Bit 6 (DAZ) of the MXCSR register enables the denormals-are-zeros mode, which controls the processor's response to a SIMD floating-point denormal operand condition. When the denormals-are-zeros flag is set, the processor converts all denormal source operands to a zero with the sign of the original operand before performing any computations on them. The processor does not set the denormal-operand exception flag (DE), regardless of the setting of the denormal-operand exception mask bit (DM); and it does not generate a denormal-operand exception if the exception is unmasked. The denormals-are-zeros mode is not compatible with IEEE Standard 754 (see Section 22.214.171.124, "Normalized and Denormalized Finite Numbers"). The denormalsare-zero...
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This note was uploaded on 10/01/2013 for the course CPE 103 taught by Professor Watlins during the Winter '11 term at Mississippi State.
- Winter '11