ia-32_volume1_basic-arch

Be entered before the fnsave starts to execute or it

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Unformatted text preview: asserted if NE were zero. However, the system would not connect FERR# to a PIC to generate INTR when operating in the native, internal mode. (If the hardware of a system has FERR# connected to trigger IRQ13 in order to support MS-DOS, but an operating system using the native mode is actually running the system, it is the operating system's responsibility to make sure that IRQ13 is not enabled in the slave PIC.) With this configuration a system is immune to the problem discussed in Section D.2.1.3, "No-Wait x87 FPU Instructions Can Get x87 FPU Interrupt in Window," where for Intel486 and Pentium processors a no-wait x87 FPU instruction can get an x87 FPU exception. D.4.3 Considerations When x87 FPU Shared Between Tasks Using Native Mode The protocols recommended in Section D.3.6, "Considerations When x87 FPU Shared Between Tasks," for MS-DOS compatibility x87 FPU exception handlers that are shared between tasks may be used without change with the native mode. However, the protocols for a handler written specifically for native mode can be simplified, because the problem of a spurious floating-point exception interrupt occurring while the kernel is executing cannot happen in native mode. The problem as actually found in practical code in a MS-DOS compatibility system happens when the DNA handler uses FNSAVE to switch x87 FPU contexts. If an x87 FPU exception is active, then FNSAVE triggers FERR# briefly, which usually will cause the x87 FPU exception handler to be invoked inside the DNA handler. In native mode, neither FNSAVE nor any other no-wait instructions can trigger interrupt 16. (As D-30 Vol. 1 GUIDELINES FOR WRITING X87 FPU EXCEPTION HANDLERS discussed above, FERR# gets asserted independent of the value of the NE bit, but when NE = 1, the operating system should not enable its path through the PIC.) Another possible (very rare) way a floating-point exception interrupt could occur while the kernel is executing is by an x87 FPU immediate exception case having its interrupt delayed by the external hardware until execution has switched to the kernel. This also cannot happen in native mode because there is no delay through external hardware. Thus the native mode x87 FPU exception handler can omit the test to see if the kernel is the x87 FPU owner, and the DNA handler for a native mode system can omit the step of setting the kernel as the x87 FPU owner at the handler's beginning. Since however these simplifications are minor and save little code, it would be a reasonable and conservative habit (as long as the MS-DOS compatibility mode is widely used) to include these steps in all systems. Note that the special DP (Dual Processing) mode for Pentium processors, and also the more general Intel MultiProcessor Specification for systems with multiple Pentium, P6 family, or Pentium 4 processors, support x87 FPU exception handling only in the native mode. Intel does not recommend using the MS-DOS compatibility mode for systems using more...
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