ia-32_volume1_basic-arch

Enough to hold the entire x87 fpu stack and

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ith no pending numeric exceptions. Let B be the currently executing thread. CR0.TS was set when thread A was suspended. When B starts to execute a floating-point instruction the instruction will fault with the DNA exception because TS is set. At this point the handler is entered, and eventually it finds that the current x87 FPU Owner is not the currently executing thread. To guard the x87 FPU state swap from extraneous numeric exceptions, the x87 FPU Owner is set to be the kernel. The old owner's x87 FPU state is saved with FNSAVE, and the current thread's x87 FPU state is restored with FRSTOR. Before exiting, the x87 FPU owner is set to thread B, and the TS bit is cleared. On exit, thread B resumes execution of the faulting floating-point instruction and continues. Case #2: x87 FPU State Swap with Discarded Numeric Exception Again, assume two threads A and B, both using the floating-point unit. Let A be the thread to have most recently executed a floating-point instruction, but this time let there be a pending numeric exception. Let B be the currently executing thread. When B starts to execute a floating-point instruction the instruction will fault with the DNA exception and enter the DNA handler. (If both numeric and DNA exceptions are pending, the DNA exception takes precedence, in order to support handling the numeric exception in its own context.) When the FNSAVE starts, it will trigger an interrupt via FERR# because of the pending numeric exception. After some system dependent delay, the numeric exception handler is entered. It may be entered before the FNSAVE starts to execute, or it may be entered shortly after execution of the FNSAVE. Since the x87 FPU Owner is the kernel, the numeric exception handler simply exits, discarding the exception. The Vol. 1 D-27 GUIDELINES FOR WRITING X87 FPU EXCEPTION HANDLERS DNA handler resumes execution, completing the FNSAVE of the old floating-point context of thread A and the FRSTOR of the floating-point context for thread B. Thread A eventually gets an opportunity to handle the exception that was discarded during the task switch. After some time, thread B is suspended, and thread A resumes execution. When thread A starts to execute an floating-point instruction, once again the DNA exception handler is entered. B's x87 FPU state is Finessed, and A's x87 FPU state is Frustrate. Note that in restoring the x87 FPU state from A's save area, the pending numeric exception flags are reloaded into the floating-point status word. Now when the DNA exception handler returns, thread A resumes execution of the faulting floating-point instruction just long enough to immediately generate a numeric exception, which now gets handled in the normal way. The net result is that the task switch and resulting x87 FPU state swap via the DNA exception handler causes an extra numeric exception which can be safely discarded. D.3.6.4 Interrupt Routing From the Kernel In MS-DOS, an application that wishes to handle numeric exceptio...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online