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Unformatted text preview: S ating the ESI register with the ES segment register, both the source and destination strings can be located in the same segment. (This latter condition can also be achieved by loading the DS and ES segment registers with the same segment selector and allowing the ESI register to default to the DS register.) The MOVS instruction moves the string element addressed by the ESI register to the location addressed by the EDI register. The assembler recognizes three "short forms" of this instruction, which specify the size of the string to be moved: MOVSB (move byte string), MOVSW (move word string), and MOVSD (move doubleword string). The CMPS instruction subtracts the destination string element from the source string element and updates the status flags (CF, ZF, OF, SF, PF, and AF) in the EFLAGS register according to the results. Neither string element is written back to memory. The assembler recognizes three "short forms" of the CMPS instruction: CMPSB (compare byte strings), CMPSW (compare word strings), and CMPSD (compare doubleword strings). The SCAS instruction subtracts the destination string element from the contents of the EAX, AX, or AL register (depending on operand length) and updates the status flags according to the results. The string element and register contents are not modified. The following "short forms" of the SCAS instruction specify the operand length: SCASB (scan byte string), SCASW (scan word string), and SCASD (scan doubleword string). The LODS instruction loads the source string element identified by the ESI register into the EAX register (for a doubleword string), the AX register (for a word string), or the AL register (for a byte string). The "short forms" for this instruction are LODSB (load byte string), LODSW (load word string), and LODSD (load doubleword string). This instruction is usually used in a loop, where other instructions process each element of the string after they are loaded into the target register. The STOS instruction stores the source string element from the EAX (doubleword string), AX (word string), or AL (byte string) register into the memory location identified with the EDI register. The "short forms" for this instruction are STOSB (store byte string), STOSW (store word string), and STOSD (store doubleword string). This instruction is also normally used in a loop. Here a string is commonly loaded into the register with a LODS instruction, operated on by other instructions, and then stored again in memory with a STOS instruction. The I/O instructions (see Section 7.3.11, "I/O Instructions") also perform operations on strings in memory. 220.127.116.11 Repeating String Operations The string instructions described in Section 7.3.9, "String Operations", perform one iteration of a string operation. To operate strings longer than a doubleword, the string instructions can be combined with a repeat prefix (REP) to create a repeating instruction or be...
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- Winter '11