ia-32_volume1_basic-arch

Relative to the top assemblers support these register

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Unformatted text preview: ich the floating-point instructions set the condition code flags. These condition code bits 8-6 Vol. 1 PROGRAMMING WITH THE X87 FPU are used principally for conditional branching and for storage of information used in exception handling (see Section 8.1.4, "Branching and Conditional Moves on Condition Codes"). As shown in Table 8-1, the C1 condition code flag is used for a variety of functions. When both the IE and SF flags in the x87 FPU status word are set, indicating a stack overflow or underflow exception (#IS), the C1 flag distinguishes between overflow (C1 = 1) and underflow (C1 = 0). When the PE flag in the status word is set, indicating an inexact (rounded) result, the C1 flag is set to 1 if the last rounding by the instruction was upward. The FXAM instruction sets C1 to the sign of the value being examined. The C2 condition code flag is used by the FPREM and FPREM1 instructions to indicate an incomplete reduction (or partial remainder). When a successful reduction has been completed, the C0, C3, and C1 condition code flags are set to the three leastsignificant bits of the quotient (Q2, Q1, and Q0, respectively). See "FPREM1--Partial Remainder" in Chapter 3, "Instruction Set Reference, A-M," of the Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual, Volume 2A, for more information on how these instructions use the condition code flags. The FPTAN, FSIN, FCOS, and FSINCOS instructions set the C2 flag to 1 to indicate that the source operand is beyond the allowable range of 263 and clear the C2 flag if the source operand is within the allowable range. Where the state of the condition code flags are listed as undefined in Table 8-1, do not rely on any specific value in these flags. 8.1.3.3 x87 FPU Floating-Point Exception Flags The six x87 FPU floating-point exception flags (bits 0 through 5) of the x87 FPU status word indicate that one or more floating-point exceptions have been detected since the bits were last cleared. The individual exception flags (IE, DE, ZE, OE, UE, and PE) are described in detail in Section 8.4, "x87 FPU Floating-Point Exception Handling." Each of the exception flags can be masked by an exception mask bit in the x87 FPU control word (see Section 8.1.5, "x87 FPU Control Word"). The exception summary status flag (ES, bit 7) is set when any of the unmasked exception flags are set. When the ES flag is set, the x87 FPU exception handler is invoked, using one of the techniques described in Section 8.7, "Handling x87 FPU Exceptions in Software." (Note that if an exception flag is masked, the x87 FPU will still set the appropriate flag if the associated exception occurs, but it will not set the ES flag.) The exception flags are "sticky" bits (once set, they remain set until explicitly cleared). They can be cleared by executing the FCLEX/FNCLEX (clear exceptions) instructions, by reinitializing the x87 FPU with the FINIT/FNINIT or FSAVE/FNSAVE instr...
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