fallspressureulcersandrestraints

fallspressureulcersandrestraints - Falls, Pressure Ulcers...

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Falls, Pressure Ulcers and Restraints
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Falls “A sudden, unexpected descent from a standing, sitting, or horizontal position.”
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Factors Age Decreased visual acuity Impaired balance and gait Chronic diseases History of falls Prior hospitalization within 12 months Body structure
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Factors Poor nutrition Low body weight Decreased physical activity Medications Environmental Hazards Behaviors
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Falls: Epidemiology Almost 90% of hip fractures result from the impact of a fall 1996: falls were the 2nd leading cause of injury deaths among aged adults 1997: 9,023 adults over age 65 years died as result of falls >65 years: 60% of fatal falls occur in the home, 30% in public places, 10% facility
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FALLS 1: Demographics FALLS 1: Demographics Leading Cause of Accidental Death in Elderly 1 out of 7 falls results in fracture 70% of all fall-related deaths in U.S. are elder 75 years + with hip fracture 1/2 die within 1 year Hartford Institute For Geriatric Nursing 2001 2
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FALLS 1: Demographics FALLS 1: Demographics Falls Increase with Age 1/3 community residing elderly fall each year 67% nursing home residents fall each year 40% nursing home admissions are fall related Cost: $10 Billion Annually Hartford Institute For Geriatric Nursing 2001 3
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Falls Bones break when they encounter an outside force that exceeds their strength. Most falls occur because of the force created by a fall.
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Prevention Education Environment Medications Exercise/Physical Therapy Positive Health-Related Behaviors Hip Protectors
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FALLS FALLS 4: Intervention for Prevention 4: Intervention for Prevention Assess Intrinsic Factors Hartford Institute For Geriatric Nursing 2001 7 Medications Alcohol use Cognitive abilities Mood Assistive devices Strength Continence needs Understanding of fall risk Caregiver understanding
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FALLS FALLS 4: Intervention for Prevention 4: Intervention for Prevention Assess Extrinsic Factors Environment
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course NS 27O taught by Professor Kris during the Spring '08 term at Fairfield.

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fallspressureulcersandrestraints - Falls, Pressure Ulcers...

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