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vaccine handout

vaccine handout - • Prevents the usual symptoms of...

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Jess Parnell Sarah Fuller Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) Vaccine Diseases: Typical Symptoms: o Measles: rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever o Mumps: fever, headache, swollen glands o Rubella: generally mild rash, swollen lymph nodes, and sometimes a fever Serious Complications: o Measles: pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and death o Mumps: deafness, meningitis, swollen testicles or ovaries, death o Rubella: birth defects in the child of a pregnant woman who becomes infected Children younger than 5, adults over 20, and those who are immuno-compromised are more likely to have severe complications Vaccine: Made from a live attenuated virus, injected subcutaneously The vaccine for measles was licensed in 1964, mumps in 1967, and rubella in 1969 The combination MMR vaccine was licensed in 1971 Prevents infection by the viruses that cause measles, mumps, and rubella
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Unformatted text preview: • Prevents the usual symptoms of measles, mumps, and rubella and the potential complications Side Effects: • Mild: fever (1/6), rash (1/20), swollen glands (rare) • Moderate: seizure (1/3000), joint pain or stiffness (1/4), low platelet count/bleeding (1/30000) • Severe: allergic reaction (less than 1 per million), long-term seizure, brain damage, or deafness (very rare; association with the vaccine is unproven) Efficacy: • 95% effective • Life-long immunity, with a booster shot between 4 and 6 years old • Used to be some of the most common childhood diseases • Rate of infection now is less than 1% Immunization Schedule: • First shot between 12 and 15 months, Second booster shot at 12 years...
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