17C-7 - History 17C The American People World War I to the...

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History 17C The American People, World War I to the Present 1
Mutual Assured Destruction 2
Themes From the mid-1950s to the early 1960s, both the United States and the Soviet Union made genuine, and to some extent successful, efforts to ease Cold War tensions 3
Themes But advances in military technology introduced a dangerous new dimension; disagreements over how to use new technologies threatened to derail US-Soviet relations and even to plunge the world into global war 4
Nikita Khrushchev General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1953-1964 5
. . . succeeding Joseph Stalin 6
Nikita Khrushchev General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1953-1964 7
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Khrushchev’s dilemmas Wanted to ease tensions with West, but also needed to shore up revolutionary credentials in communist world 14
Khrushchev’s dilemmas Wanted the USSR to be recognized as military equal of US, but knew USSR was much weaker 15
Mid- to late 1950s— Khrushchev conceded US superiority in bombers and concentrated instead on developing intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICMBs) 16
Summer 1957—USSR tested first ICBM 17
October 1957—USSR Launched Sputnik, causing panic in US 18
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October 1957—USSR Launched Sputnik, causing panic in US 20

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