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Running head: FINAL PROJECT Final Project Shaunacy Medeiros Southern New Hampshire University
FINAL PROJECT 1 When you think of the word “apocalypse”, words that might come to mind might be destruction, cataclysm, catastrophe, and disaster. The apocalypse has always been a story of mass destruction of the world, where sometimes a new world is created due to the end of the previous one; an old generation dies and a new one begins. The intent of the archetype is to invoke certain feelings and thoughts. It is the notion that all things must come to an end, even the world. In some cases, it’s about losing something in order to gain something new, change. In other cases, it is ultimately a prophecy that one day all living things will cease to exist, and rather than be fearful of this time, choose to face it with honor, courage, and dignity. This can be said for two myths: Ragnarök and the Four Horsemen, from two different cultures, where an apocalypse falls upon the world. In Ragnarök, the pre-Viking tale of Norse Mythology, the gods fell to their demise, in the final battle, on the battlefield Vigrid. During the Viking age, the Vikings were polytheistic, and worshipped the gods: Odin; Thor; Freya; and Baldr (McCoy, 2016). This myth dates back to as early as 6 th century CE (Hirst, 2019). In the final battle, Odin is killed fighting the wolf Fenrir, then Odin’s son Vidar kills the wolf. The god Freyr and the giant Surt die in battle against each other. Odin’s son Thor: the god of thunder, kills the Midgard Serpent, but is felled by its poison (Thury, 2017). Ragnarök was a prophecy of the unknown and what was yet to come. The apocalypse archetype is presented in this myth, as Ragnarök is the final end of the cosmos and the destruction of the gods (McCoy, 2016). Some myths say that after the final battle, a new world was created; “the newborn earth rises from the sea, once more, green and glorious” (Hirst, 2019, n.p.). In other myths, there was no rebirth in sight, but more so the underlying nature of the
FINAL PROJECT 2 world. That humans would roam the world, until one day each individual human ceases to exist, just as the Gods (McCoy, 2016). In the Christian myth of the Four Horsemen, each of the horsemen helped contribute to the apocalypse and the world-ending destruction. This myth dates back to biblical times, about 4,000 years ago. The Four Horsemen can be associated with the Book of Revelation, the last book of the New Testament. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, where they believe in only one God. In the Book of Revelation (6:1-8), the horsemen emerge with the opening of the first four of the seven seals, from a “book” or “scroll” in God’s right hand. The apocalypse archetype is presented in this myth, as the opening of the seals brings forth the end of the world. The fourth horsemen: death, rode in on a pale horse, with Hades following behind him (Hickson, 2015). In the Book of Revelation, John writes, “They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine, and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth (Revelation 6:7-8). The last horsemen: Death, and Hades were sent to bring the final destruction to the end of the world.

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