Andres BonifacioAndrés Bonifacio y de Castro (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897)was a Filipinorevolutionary leader and the president of the Tagalog Republic. He is often called "TheFather of the Philippine Revolution". He was one of the founders and later Supremo(Supreme Leader) of the Kataas-taasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ngBayan or more commonly known as "Katipunan", a movement which sought theindependence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the PhilippineRevolution. He was also one of the Filipino historical figures to be recommended as anational hero of the Philippines. Education and early lifeAndrés Bonifacio was born on November 30, 1863 in Tondo, Manila, and wasthe first of four children of Catalina de Castro, a Spanish Mestiza, and SantiagoBonifacio, a Teniente Mayor of Tondo.He learned the alphabet through his mother's sister. He was later enrolled in Guillermo Osmeña's privateschool, and learned English while employed as a clerk-messenger by a British firm. Some sources assertthat he was orphaned at an early age, but, considering the existence of an 1881 record that hasBonifacio's parents listed as living in Tondo, it is disputed by others.Bonifacio was blessed with good hands in craftsmanship and visual arts that he made canes and paper fans,which he and his young siblings sold. He also made posters for business firms. This became their thrivingfamily business that continued on when the men of the family, namely Andres, Ciriaco, Procopio, andTroadio, were employed with private and government companies, which provided them with decent livingconditions.In his late teens, he worked as a mandatario (agent) for the British trading firm Fleming and Company,where he rose to become a corredor (broker) of tar, rattan and other goods. He later transferred to Fresselland Company, a German trading firm, where he worked as a bodeguero (storehouse keeper) responsiblefor warehouse inventory. He was also a theater actor and often played the role of Bernardo Carpio, afictional character in Tagalog folklore.Not finishing his normal education, Bonifacio enriched his natural intelligence with self-education. He readbooks about the French Revolution, biographies of the Presidents of the United States, books aboutcontemporary Philippine penal and civil codes, and novels such as Victor Hugo's Les Misérables, EugèneSue's Le Juif errant and José Rizal's Noli Me Tángere and El Filibusterismo. Aside from Tagalog and Spanish,he could speak and understand English, which he learned while working at J.M. Fleming and CoGregoria A. de JesúsMarriagesAndres Bonifacio was married twice: first to a certain Monica of Palomar. Shewas Bonifacio's neighbor in Tondo. Monica died of leprosy and they had norecorded children.