POLS1000 - Lecture (Feb 11 2013)-(Contemporary Crisis of Ideology)

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POLS1000 – Lecture (Feb 11, 2013) In order to create conditions for freedom and equality in society, equality and freedom must be part of our everyday lives beyond abstraction. Private property qualifies an individual as the distributor of social prestige and social wealth. Socialists think about different kinds of economies that replace the private property with more collective forms of properties. Socialist view that there is a problem with the private property: exclusiveness; it excludes others. In addition to the exclusive, private property and acquisition of private property give privilege to the ones who are good in acquiring private properties. Why Donald Trump should be more privileged? Difference between Liberalism and Socialism: The consequence of creating a regime that favours the ones who are good in acquiring properties is the “class struggle.” Contrary to liberals, socialists want to eliminate the class struggle. In contrast, liberals think the class struggle is a good thing because it means competition. This competition will naturally regulate the market. Socialists argue that class struggle lead to two things: economic exploitation and forms of political domination. Economic exploitation kills quality, whereas political domination kills freedom. Socialists do the best in brining real equality and real freedom. Socialists will have two solutions: social appropriation of property (e.g. worker self-management; workers themselves will manage themselves) , or a state appropriation of property (Soviet Union case; allocation of property) . In both appropriations, both put great emphasis on reason (Especially, the collective forms of reason).  MAIN LECTURE:  Contemporary Crisis of Ideology All of the three major ideologies – liberalism, socialism, and conservatism – all born in 19 th Century. The social forces that come to be at the beginning of the 19 th Century: bourgeois (liberalism), displaced nobles (conservatism), and working class (socialism); they were born at the particular point of historical moments.

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