middle east essay on terrorism1

middle east essay on terrorism1 - Bhavna Sakhrani...

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Bhavna Sakhrani Understanding the Middle East Student no: 4040469 Does Militant Islam resent the West because of what we are or because of what we do? Amongst the developing world that is largely excluded from the Western-led phenomenon of globalization are groups of international terrorists that are determined to fulfil their goals and objectives in the name of religion and God. They resent the West, who they are, what they believe in, their actions and their policies for several reasons, and they truly believe that terror in the name of religion is the way to rectify the wrongs they so valiantly believe the West have committed against them. Globalization appears to be the root of problems for militant Islam, as well as the United States’ policies regarding Israel, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and the invasion of Afghanistan. However, theorists such as Bruce Hoffman have suggested that the answer to why Militant Islam resents the West lies in the religion itself. Conflict between Militant Islam and the West dates back to the First Crusade in 1095 1 , this effectively poses the puzzle of why this wave of ‘new terrorism’ has surfaced only recently. This essay will explore the validity of these claims, how they affect us and what we can do to prevent this imminent threat. The breadth of information required to tackle such a topic is extensive, therefore this essay attempts to penetrate the surface to discuss and analyse militant Islam’s problems with the West. The term ‘Militant Islam’ can only be used superficially for the purpose of this essay as it allows us deliberate on the fundamental arguments of this debate. I am under no impression that there is a group that can be awarded this label. Terrorist groups that operate under the pretence of Islam are transnational and are only united under the umbrella of analogous religious beliefs. It seems that most of these militant groups function independently and share no other relationship other than their common hatred for the West. I believe this is supported by the fact that although most of the hijackers involved in the September 11 th attacks on the United States in 2001 were Saudi Arabian, 1 Duggan A., The Story of the Crusades, Faber (1963) 1
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Bhavna Sakhrani Understanding the Middle East Student no: 4040469 intelligence indicated that terrorists from twenty different nationalities conspired to carry out the attacks 2 . It is important to firstly consider which nations constitute as the West, because, “although they all now share important attributes – they have diverged in their experiences of terrorism” 3 . Whilst most European countries supported America’s endeavour to democratise Iraq, nations such as Germany and France refused to co- operate. Whilst these countries perceive the terrorist threat as one that has been continuous over time, America and its allies have warned of a different threat. Hoffman supports this American view, arguing that a ‘new terrorism’ has emerged, with new
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MIDEAST AA taught by Professor Aldrich during the Spring '08 term at Uni. Nottingham.

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middle east essay on terrorism1 - Bhavna Sakhrani...

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