1AsiaAfricaAmericas

1AsiaAfricaAmericas - Asia, Americas and Africa Before...

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Unformatted text preview: Asia, Americas and Africa Before European Expansionism Jean-Franois Lyotard Simplifying to the extreme, I define postmodern as incredulity toward metanarratives. Global Realities of The Age of Discovery 1450-1650 Europe lagged behind several other civilizations in terms of power, sophistication and exploration e.g. The Ottoman Turks and the Chinese. Societies of the world very varied. Christendom many little warring kingdoms. Islam, three vast and powerful empire, The Ottoman Empire (Anatolia, modern Turkey), The Safavid Empire (Persia, modern Iraq), anf The Mughal Empire (India). The Ottomans Took Constantinople (modern Istanbul) in 1453. Empire lasts 500 years to 1918. Pushed up the Aegean and Adriatic. Pope Pius II called for a new crusade. 1480 Ottoman fleet took Otranto. Feared even in Iceland. 1529 Suleiman takes Vienna. Expansion of the Ottoman Empire Suleiman and the Suleymaniye Mosque The Treasure Fleet Zheng He a devout Muslim. 317 ships Seven Voyages between 1405-1433. Secured Chinese hegemony and tribute to Ming court Indus River Valley Civilizations The Foundations of Indian Culture The Ayrans The Ayrans The Rigveda, a collection of hymns, ritual texts and philosophical treatises, portray the Aryans as a warrior tribe who glorified military skill and heroism. The warrior nobility rode chariots into battle. The Brahmans were a separate priest class. Ordinary Aryan tribesmen were farmers. Conquered peoples did more menial tasks. This developed in a rigid caste system, those outside the caste system, the untouchables were consider impure. Buddhism Siddhartha Guatama in 500B.C.E. was a wandering ascetic who reached the Buddhic state of enlightenment. His message of the Four Noble truths and the Eightfold path taught that those freed from all human longing are freed from the cycle of birth and death and enter nirvana. Hinduism Based on the Vedas, sacred revelations. There are innumerable ways of worshipping, so Hinduism recognizes thousands of gods, like Shiva, the cosmic dancer who both creates and destroys, shown here. The Bhagavad Gita The central ethical text of Hinduism, the Bhagavad Gita follows the spiritual conflict of Arjuna who is about to battle his kinsmen ....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIS 1000 taught by Professor Cooper during the Spring '08 term at St. Johns Duplicate.

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1AsiaAfricaAmericas - Asia, Americas and Africa Before...

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