Challenges of the Modern

Challenges of the Modern - Challenges of the Modern The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Challenges of the Modern
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Development of Liberalism
Background image of page 2
Britain’s Conservative Backlash General rule – aristocrats= landed wealth, (upper) middle-class= industry and business In 1780’s only 8%men vote French Revolution caused a conservative panic. Introduction of Corn Laws in 1815 – no imports – protected landed interests.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Why no revolution in Britain Calls for liberal reforms and reform of Parliament blocked until. . The Reform Bill of 1832 – House of Commons becomes all important legislative body. New industrial areas gained representation. Number of voters increased to 50% - all middle-class – pressure relieved.
Background image of page 4
Robert Owen Robert Owen - New Lanark in Scotland – successful but not widely adopted. National Trade Union – collapsed. But ideas of fairness and goodness given opportunity remain.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Chartists Key demand – all men given the vote. 1838 – three campaigns hundreds of thousands of signatures on gigantic petitions. But parliament rejects each one. But valuable lesson in mass politics.
Background image of page 6
Anti-Corn Law League Ex-Chartists join with middle class manufacturers to form Anti-Corn League in Manchester in 1839. Repeal would lower food prices and create more jobs in industry. Starvation looms in 1846 – minority of Torys join liberals in repealing Corn Laws. England escapes famine – laissez-faire become almost sacred dogma.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Tory support for working class Ten Hour Act 1847 – women and children in factories. Championed legislation that helped w/c because they competed with middle-class for their support.
Background image of page 8
Overview Healthy competition between aristocracy and middle class – peaceful political evolution in Great Britain.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1867 – all male householders (property) were enfranchised. 1884 – expanded but still 40% men
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 34

Challenges of the Modern - Challenges of the Modern The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online