Study Guide Midterm #1

Study Guide Midterm #1 - Epics Odyssey by...

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Epics Odyssey : by Homer (compilation) (10 years after the Trojan War, Odysseus gone for 20 total) Characters- Odysseus: relies on wit more than strength; been away from his family for 20 years. Penelope: Odysseus’ wife; is being pursued but won’t remarry Telemachus: Odysseus’ son; has a coming of age while searching for his father Zeus: supreme god Pallas Athena: Odysseus’ main godly benefactor Calypso: has kept Odysseus hidden for many years Agamemnon: his wife and her lover kill him when he returns home; foil to Odysseus Clytemnestra: Agamemnon’s wife (lover: Agesthus) Polyphemus: Cyclops Odysseus blinds Circe: turns men to swine; becomes Odysseus’ lover Antius: head suitor Eumaeus: swineheard; first to be revealed of Odysseus’ identity Euryceia: maid servant for many years; recognizes him on her own Emoducus: bard who tells story of Troy UNDERWORLD (Ajax, Achilles--Agammemnon, Tyreseus, Palus (Athena), Herecles, his mother) Themes- Wit over strength (opposite of Illiad with Achilles) Hospitality- overall practice; the suitors and Polyphemus are violators Pride as opposed to hubris Forgetting what shouldn’t be forgotten through pleasure Gain a name for yourself- don’t be obscure Male/female relationships Terms- ARETE--excellence in a given thing HUBRIS—excessive pride such as putting yourself above the gods HAMARTIA- small lapse in judgment causes pain through the rest of the story (doesn’t apply to this story because it has a happy ending) CATALOUGE-list included in most epics; catalog of famous women in Book 11 EPICS: INVOCATION OF MUSE EXTENDED (epic) similes large cast lengthy objective narrative (not biased) divine machinery extreme events
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tangeantal in media res catalogues Ramayana: Valmiki Characters- Dasharatha (king) | Kausayla (old)-----Rama | Kaikyi (pretty)-----------Bharata | | |-----------Laksharan Sumitra------- |-----------Shatrughra Rama- avatar of Visnu; destined to destroy Ravana; perfect Sita- avatar of Laksmi; Rama’s wife; epitome of womanhood Kaikyi- uses promised boons to have Rama banished Bharata- becomes king instead Laksharan- goes with Rama into the woods Manthara- riles Kaikyi up to doing what she does (hunchback) Ravana- many heads, b/c of so many sacrifices he’s impervious; kidnaps Sita (bad guy) Hanuman (monkey king) finds Sita Terms- Sloka- couplet Knight errant- side kick Dharma- close to duty and living within your sphere (castes)- internal choice Karma- retribution for your actions, many times in a future life (comparable to fate)- external consequences Avatar- gods live among mortals Themes: Dharma- accepting your duty or responsibility Perfect hero Nature of women (can compare to Penelope) Creation Stories Rig Veda- Primal man (Hindu) Sacrifice in order to create Everything is a part of a whole
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Explanation of caste system Food causes a change (Genesis and Popul Vuh) Enuma Elish (Babylonian) Quingu- blood makes man Tiamut- body makes world Marmuk- the one who defeats them and becomes supreme
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Study Guide Midterm #1 - Epics Odyssey by...

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