Unformatted text preview: Estee Ward MESA 201 10/1/07 1. al-‘Azm’s article, “Orientalism and Orientalism in Reverse,” is divided into two sections. The first defines Said’s main arguments against Orientalism and then deftly deconstruct them, showing how the “essentialist” methods of Orientalism are very much the same methods Said uses to prove Orientalism as obsolete (al-‘Azm 2000, 217). For example, one of Said’s biggest critiques on Institutional Orientalism is that it is rooted in the era of European expansionism, and therefore has an agenda that taints the Orient’s true image. al-‘Azm refutes this statement by pointing out that Said does not use “objective scientific investigation and detached scholarly discipline” in his thesis either (al-‘Azm 2000, 218). al-‘Azm spends the rest of the first section proving this point, looking at Said’s various analyses regarding Orientalism’s origins, ‘false’ Orientalist representations of the Middle East and Islam, Karl Marx’s writings on the Orient, and the Orient’s dependency on the West....
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- Fall '07