Ward On Hegemony and Direct Rule - Truth and Power

Ward On Hegemony and Direct Rule - Truth and Power - Estee...

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Estee Ward MESA 201 9/24/07 1. Gramsci and Foucalt in their articles discuss the role of the intellectual elite in society and their exercise of hegemony to obtain power. Hegemony is defined as the prevailing authority of a predominant group over a nation state. In Gramsci’s article, this group is defined as the “ruling class.” This class is defined as political society, the people it controls civil society. Together these two societies form the “two great ‘floors of superstructure’” (Gramsci, 39). In almost all cases, the ruling class is run and supported by intellectual officers. The officers have two purposes: first, to obtain “spontaneous consent” or approval from the governed (Gramsci, 40). For this to happen, the ruling class must be trusted and respected. Second, if spontaneous consent is not obtained, officers must activate legal jurisdiction over the groups who dissent.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MESA MESA201 taught by Professor Bowen/schulthies during the Fall '07 term at BYU.

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