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Ch4 - ■ The functional Groups are ■ Hydroxyl = OH ■...

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Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Page 1: Carbon Chemistry Organic Chemistry is the _____chemistry of compounds that contain carbon_____- Carbon has 6 electrons; 2 in the first orbital level and 4 in the second What is the valence of Carbon? How many electrons does it need to be stable? Will it form Ionic or Covalent bonds? Chapter4 Page 3: Functional Groups _Functional Groups are regions of organic molecules most commonly involved in chemical reactions Six are so frequently used that you will need to memorize them. Please know Figure of F unctional Groups in your text. Chapter 4 Page 4: Functional Groups
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Unformatted text preview: ■ The functional Groups are: ■ Hydroxyl = OH ■ Carbonyl = CO ■ Carboxyl = COOH ■ Amino = NH2 ■ Sulfhydryl = SH ■ Phosphate = PO4 ■ Methyl = CH 3 Chapter 4 Page 5 : Variations in Carbon Skeletons ■ Carbon can be bonded in a variety of structural forms ■ isomers have the same molecular formula but have different structural arrangements ■ There are 3 types of isomers ■ Structural = _____variation in arrangement __________________-■ Geometric = variations around a double bond ■ Enantiomers = variations around an asymmetric carbon ;easiest to recall as non-superimposable mirror images...
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