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3/1/2021Unit Activity: Gears;1/4Task 2GearsThe gear is one of the oldest mechanical devices. It has been used since ancient times for its ability to increase or decrease rotational velocity.When one gear turns another, the outer portions of the gears are turning at the same linear speed. However, when one gear is smaller or largerthan the other, the speed of rotation will be different for each gear.Let’s look at an application of gears that you’ve seen before. On a bicycle, the pedals are attached to a large gear at the center of the bike, and achain connects the large gear to a small gear attached to the rear wheel. The chain does not change the speed of rotation; it serves only toseparate the centers of rotation.Consider a bicycle where the large central gear has a radius of 4 inches and the small back gear has a radius of 2 inches.