104-8.1-skeletal

104-8.1-skeletal - What Mean These Bones? Skeletal Analysis...

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What Mean These Bones? Skeletal Analysis in Archaeology
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Relation of Mortuary and Skeletal Analyses Social analysis of burials (mortuary analysis) involves interpreting a person’s place in an ancient society That person’s social position will always be based in part on biologic factors Age Sex Health Stature Skeletal remains record information about all these biologic factors
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Skeletal Terminology Cranial skeleton : related to skull Post-cranial skeleton: everything else Joint : where two bones connect Suture : where two bones have fused Long-bone : major limb bones Epiphysis : ends of long bones Pelvic Girdle : hip (pelvic) bones
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Human Skeleton Cranial Skeleton Post-cranial Skeleton
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Determination of Age Cranial Sutures : Fully fused by mid 30s; can determine between immature, adult or elderly Tooth Eruption : Child ages to within 2-3 years Fusing of Epiphyses : ends of long bones fuse at end of juvenile growth period (early to late 20s) Joint Decay : indications of elderly Bone microstructure : increase in osteon density
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Cranial Sutures Infant Adult
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Tooth Eruption
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Long Bone Epiphysis
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Joint Decay
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Osteons
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Determination of Sex (Sexing) Sex vs. Gender: Sex=biological; gender=social Skeletal Morphology Men tend to be robust, women gracile Skull Morphology Female: smaller skull, no brow ridges, less prominent jaw
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AANT 104 taught by Professor Rafferty during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Albany.

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104-8.1-skeletal - What Mean These Bones? Skeletal Analysis...

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