History 4 Unit 41. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. Manifest Destiny : The belief that the United States was meant to extend across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.b. Gadsden Purchase : A region in the southern parts of present-day Arizona and New Mexico that was bought from Mexico in 1853.c. Sam Houston : (1793 – 1863) An American soldier and statesman. He helped Texas win its independence from Mexico. He was the president of Texas while it was an independent country and served as a U.S. senator after Texas joined the United States.d. Republic of Texas : An independent nation that existed from 1836 to 1845 after winning its independence from Mexico. It included all of present-day Texas and parts of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming. Texas joined the United States in 1845 and gave the federal government all of the lands outside its current borders.e. annexation : The joining of a territory with another country.f. Mexican-American War : A war fought between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848. Mexico declared war after the Mexican territory of Texas was annexed, or added, to the United States. The war led Mexico to lose over half of its territory to the United States.g. Wilmot Proviso : An addition to a congressional bill that would have made slavery illegal in anyterritory that the United States received from Mexico. It did not pass but was one of the events leading to the Civil War.h. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo : The peace treaty that ended the war between the United Statesand Mexico in 1848. The treaty set the Rio Grande and the Gila River as the border between the two countries. The United States paid $15 million for parts of present-day Texas, California, and other states in the Southwest United States.i. James K. Polk : (1795 - 1849) The 11th president of the United States. He supported annexationof Texas and led America through the Mexican-American War.2. Who made the phrase Manifest Destiny famous, and what did that phrase mean?The phrase manifest destiny was initiated by John O'Sullivan in 1845 and it was to expand continents in the United States the term manifest destiny originated in the 1840's4. Why did Mexico offer land in Texas to American settlers? Texas had few settlers to develop the land and protect against Native Americans. 5. Why did the United States go to war with Mexico? What made the United States so successful in the Mexican-American War? The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, was forced onto the remnant
Mexican government which caused the war.Hispanic americans 1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a.Hispanos : Descendants of Spanish colonists who lived in the southwestern United States.b. John C. Frémont : (1813 – 1890) An American soldier, explorer, and statesman. He is best remembered for his exploration of the United States' western region.