Unit 5 United States HistoryPresidental Reconstruction 1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. Reconstruction : The process of rebuilding the society and governments of the Southern statesafter the Civil War.b. Ten Percent Plan : President Lincoln's plan to allow the former Confederate states back into the Union. States would be readmitted when 10 percent of their voters took an oath of allegiance, or support, to the United States and agreed to follow the laws that freed the slaves.c. Wade-Davis Bill : A plan suggested in 1864 by two Northern lawmakers that would allow Southern states to join the Union again after meeting certain conditions. President Lincoln did not sign the bill because it was more unkind to the Southerners than he believed was necessary.d. : A federal agency set up to help freed slaves after the Civil War.e. carpetbaggers : Northerners who went to the South after the Civil War. Some went to assist with rebuilding efforts or to help former slaves. Others went to make money for themselves. They were not liked or respected by most Southerners.f. John Wilkes Booth : (1838 – 1865) A well-known American actor who shot and killed President Lincoln just days after the end of the Civil War in an attempt to help the Confederacy. He was killed by Union soldiers a few days later.g.Radical Republicans : Republican members of Congress who believed in harsh punishment for the South after the Civil War. Radical Republicans also supported civil rights for African Americans.2. Describe the kind of damage left behind by the Civil War in each of the areas below.Physical damage: Its railroads were destroyed and many of its plantations were in ruins. Factories, bridges, and farms were ruined. Nearly 30 Southern towns and cities had to be totally rebuilt. Social damage: The Civil War also changed Southern society by ending slavery. America's four million freedmen set about finding their families. It was a new beginning for freed African Americans.Political damage:The Civil War also led to political change. The Union had been saved but the South had been devastated. 3. Identify two problems that the Union faced in rebuilding the South. -There was property damage on a large scale. -Thousands of people who had been hurt in the war had lost their homes. -Freedmen had no land, jobs, education, or other resources. -Angry plantation owners
had lost their land.4. Complete each sentence below to explain how President Lincoln planned to approach Reconstruction.Lincoln wanted to bring the South back into the Union quickly with malice toward none and charity for all.He wanted to form new state governments in the South by using the Constitution.He also wanted to make sure that the new state governments in the South could support the Republican Party.