tcb_roadmap_to__qualitiy_vol1

53 1987 ensure that inventory levels can be seen at a

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Unformatted text preview: Quality 21 Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 22 a. The method for bringing items into the inventory: it is best to use a continuous supply method based on the production plan. b. The point at which items are to be brought into the inventory. c. The method by which the next production process comes to collect items. d. The method for submitting requests for items from the inventory: in person or sending an invoice. e. The times when items will be supplied to the workplace and the amount for one shift or one day, plus standards that specify both the times and the amount. f. Standards for the supply of packaging and indirect materials based on the standardized inventory. Discussion The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in the text could be applied in your company. Some of the ideas may not be relevant to you. Concentrate on those that are relevant. Keep notes of your conclusions – you will need them to prepare your action plan afterwards. Where appropriate ask yourself the RADAR questions. Note: Always include in your discussion any figures referred to in the text, if you feel these are relevant to your company. Introduction a. Parag. 1: Does your workplace often run short of things that are needed for the production process, or does it sometimes have too much in stock? If so, what problems does this cause, and what steps could be taken to improve the situation? Decide on appropriate inventory levels, and set up procedures to maintain them b. Parag. 3: Apply the RADAR questions to these guidelines for deciding on inventory levels, and maintaining them. Carry out regular reviews that these inventory levels are still appropriate c. Parag. 4: Do your production conditions and customer requirements often change? What inventory problems does this cause for you? d. Parag. 4 presents guidelines for reviewing inventory levels. Apply the RADAR questions to these. Carry out periodic inventories and keep records e. Parag. 5: If you already carry out periodic inventories, how often do you carry them out? What do you include in them? How do you carry them out? f. Parag. 5: Are there often discrepancies in your company between the goods in inventory, and those shown in the accounts? If so, how do you know and what do you do about it? g. Parag 6 suggests certain intervals for taking periodic inventories. Would these be suitable for your company? If not, what intervals would you suggest? h. Parag. 6: Do you agree that it is a good idea to take an inventory of machinery and equipment whenever something is installed or replaced? Why? Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage 22 A Roadmap to Quality UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 23 i. Parag 7: Which items would you include in your periodic inventories, and what documentation would you use? j. Parag. 8: Read these guidelines, and then decide how you would carry out a periodic inventory in your company. k. Parag. 9. What kind of system would you set up to keep records of periodic inventories? Could the sample WIP Tracking Tag in Figure 5.4b be used or adapted by your company? Set up an efficient storage system for the inventory l. Parag. 10: Five decision points are presented for setting up a system for storing the inventory. Apply the RADAR questions to these. m. Look at the example in Figure 5.4c of criteria for storing and maintaining materials. It includes steps to be taken for receiving and storing goods. Make out a similar document for some typical goods that you receive. Ensure that inventory levels can be seen at a glance n. Parag. 11: How would you apply these guidelines in your workplace? Give examples. What difficulties might you face, and how would you overcome them? Establish a system to control the movement of items into and out of the inventory o. Parag. 12: Are items often supplied before they are needed in your workplace? If so, what problems does this cause? How do you deal with them? p. The example in Figure 5.4d shows an inventory quantity control system using colour. Could this be used, or adapted for use, in your company? q. Parag. 12 suggests a number of decision points for setting up a system to move things into and out of the inventory. Apply the RADAR questions to these. Action plan Go over the notes of your discussion. Then draw up a detailed and concrete proposal for improving the inventory system in your company. Alternatively you may choose to prepare one action plan when you have discussed several texts. You might like to follow the 6-Point Structure. A Roadmap to Quality 23 Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 24 Figure 5.4b WIP tracking tag WIP TRACKING TAG As of Aug. 5, 1995 Cut Here WIP TRACKING TAG As of Aug. 5, 1995 Location Prepared By Checked By Component Name Component Number BOM (For Ass Components only) 1 Processing Point (Circle Those Completed General Processing MaterGroups ial Specific Processing Step Quantity Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage 24 A Roadmap to Quality 2 3 4 5 6 7 F L2 HT G2 ASS Component Re-work UNIDO unit 5....
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